How is adulthood characterized?

adulthood, the period in the human lifespan in which full physical and intellectual maturity have been attained. Adulthood is commonly thought of as beginning at age 20 or 21 years. Middle age, commencing at about 40 years, is followed by old age at about 60 years.

What are the characteristics of early adulthood development?

These include: Achieving autonomy: trying to establish oneself as an independent person with a life of one’s own. Establishing identity: more firmly establishing likes, dislikes, preferences, and philosophies. Developing emotional stability: becoming more stable emotionally which is considered a sign of maturing.

What are the physical characteristics of adulthood?

In early adulthood (ages 20–40), our physical abilities are at their peak, including muscle strength, reaction time, sensory abilities, and cardiac functioning. The aging process also begins during early adulthood and is characterized by changes in skin, vision, and reproductive capability.

What are the main characteristics of middle adulthood?

Middle adulthood is the golden age of adulthood (similar to late latency in childhood, although much longer) because it is an interval of relative stability characterized (for most) by physical health, emotional maturity, a clearly defined sense of self, competence and power in the work situation, and gratifying …

What are the stages of adulthood?

The four stages of adulthood examined here include: Early Adulthood (ages 22-34), Early Middle Age (ages 35-44), Late Middle Age (ages 45-64), and Late Adulthood (ages 65 and older).

What happens in adulthood stage?

During early adulthood stage an individual reaches physical maturity (by the age of 28). This is known as maturation. Adults have reached their peak level of physical strength and their full height and weight by this time. As the adult reaches the end of this life stage, stamina and strength start to slowly decline.

What are the five key characteristics of emerging adulthood?

Emerging adults share the five characteristics of self-focus, instability, identity explorations, feeling in-between, and a sense of possibilities. Emerging adulthood takes place across racial, cultural, and socioeconomic groups, although the experience of emerging adulthood varies among groups.

What is a basic trait of late adulthood?

People in late adulthood continue to be productive in many ways. These include work, education, volunteering, family life, and intimate relationships. Older adults also experience generativity (recall Erikson’s previous stage of generativity vs.

What are the physical changes in late adulthood?

Examples of Physical Changes:

Stamina, strength and suppleness start to decline. Mobility becomes more of a challenge. Difficulties with fine motor skills that control coordination and dexterity. Skin loses elasticity, resulting in wrinkles.

What is considered early adulthood?

Historically, early adulthood spanned from approximately 18 years (the end of adolescence) until 40 to 45 years (beginning of middle adulthood). More recently, developmentalists have divided this age period into two separate stages: Emerging adulthood followed by early adulthood.

Which of the following is a key characteristic of emerging adulthood?

Emerging adults share the five characteristics of self-focus, instability, identity explorations, feeling in-between, and a sense of possibilities. Emerging adulthood takes place across racial, cultural, and socioeconomic groups, although the experience of emerging adulthood varies among groups.

What are the social development in early adulthood?

In early adulthood, an individual is concerned with developing the ability to share intimacy, seeking to form relationships and find intimate love. Long‐term relationships are formed, and often marriage and children result. The young adult is also faced with career decisions.

What are the three main stages of adulthood?

Thus the three stages of early adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood each have their own physical, cognitive, and social challenges.

Who are called adults?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an adult is a person older than 19 years of age unless national law delimits an earlier age, and an adolescent someone aged 10 to 19 years.

What is adulthood in psychology?

Psychological Definition

In psychology, adulthood is usually defined as a stage of human development that occurs after the stage of adolescence and puberty (approximately 13-19 years of age).

What are the challenges of adulthood?

Five major struggles occur during emerging adulthood: identity, instability, being self-focused, feeling in-between, and new possibilities. Brain science provides scientific support for this new stage of adulthood.

What are the 5 stages of emerging adulthood?

The Five Features of Emerging Adulthood
  • the age of identity explorations;
  • the age of instability;
  • the self-focused age;
  • the age of feeling in-between; and.
  • the age of possibilities.