How do you describe a grand mal seizure?

Tonic-clonic seizures, formerly known as “grand mal” seizures, are the most visible and recognized type of seizure. These involve uncontrolled convulsions and other muscle movements. They usually don’t last more than a few minutes, but often happen with epilepsy and sometimes cause severe problems and injuries.

What are the characteristics of seizures?

Seizures symptoms vary and can include a sudden change in awareness or full loss of consciousness, unusual sensations or thoughts, involuntary twitching or stiffness in the body or severe stiffening and limb shaking with loss of consciousness (a convulsion.)

What are the 4 stages of a tonic-clonic seizure?

Generalized tonic-clonic seizures are characterized by five distinct phases that occur in the child. The body, arms, and legs will flex (contract), extend (straighten out), tremor (shake), a clonic period (contraction and relaxation of the muscles), followed by the postictal period.

What is the main concern when a person is having a grand mal epileptic seizure?

A tonic-clonic seizure, also called a grand mal seizure, causes violent muscle contractions and loss of consciousness. These are the types of seizures most people know about, and what they usually picture when they think about seizures in general.

What do non epileptic seizures look like?

Non- epileptic seizures may appear to be generalized convulsions, similar to grand mal epileptic seizures, characterized by fall- ing and shaking. They also may resemble petit mal epileptic seizures, or complex partial seizures, characterized by tem- porary loss of attention, staring into space or dozing off.

What are the 4 types of seizures and their symptoms?

These words are used to describe generalized seizures:
  • Tonic: Muscles in the body become stiff.
  • Atonic: Muscles in the body relax.
  • Myoclonic: Short jerking in parts of the body.
  • Clonic: Periods of shaking or jerking parts on the body.

What happens before a grand mal seizure?

Aura. The seizure may start with a simple or complex partial seizure known as an aura. The person may experience abnormal sensations such as a particular smell, vertigo, nausea, or anxiety. If the person is familiar with having seizures, they may recognize the warning signs of a seizure about to begin.

What brings on grand mal seizures?

Usually, a grand mal seizure is caused by epilepsy. But sometimes, this type of seizure can be triggered by other health problems, such as extremely low blood sugar, a high fever or a stroke.

What are the after effects of a grand mal seizure?

After the grand mal seizure, the person may have:

Drowsiness or sleepiness that lasts for 1 hour or longer (called the post-ictal state) Loss of memory (amnesia) about the seizure episode. Headache. Weakness of 1 side of the body for a few minutes to a few hours following seizure (called Todd paralysis)

What does it look like when someone has a seizure?

Some people with seizures may have simple staring spells, while others have violent, uncontrollable shaking and loss of consciousness. Some people will see flashing lights, others may hallucinate. Some people may have strange sensations, such as tingling, smelling an odor that isn’t really there, or emotional changes.

What is the main cause of a seizure?

Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure. This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. But when a person has 2 or more seizures with no known cause, this is diagnosed as epilepsy.

How do you know if you had a seizure?

Some seizures cause the body to jerk and shake (a “fit”), while others cause problems like loss of awareness or unusual sensations. They typically pass in a few seconds or minutes. Seizures can occur when you’re awake or asleep. Sometimes they can be triggered by something, such as feeling very tired.

What is the difference between seizure and epilepsy?

Epilepsy vs Seizures

A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.

Can a doctor tell if you’ve had a seizure?

Electroencephalogram (EEG) – Using electrodes attached to your head, your doctors can measure the electrical activity in your brain. This helps to look for patterns to determine if and when another seizure might occur, and it can also help them rule out other possibilities.

What does a seizure feel like in your head?

You’re not likely to lose consciousness, but you might feel sweaty or nauseated. Complex focal seizures: These usually happen in the part of your brain that controls emotion and memory. You may lose consciousness but still look like you’re awake, or you may do things like gag, smack your lips, laugh, or cry.

Will an EEG show past seizures?

The likelihood of recording a seizure during a routine EEG is small. The EEG generally records brain waves between seizures, called interictal brain waves. These waves may or may not show evidence of seizure activity.

Should you go to the hospital after a seizure?

Call 911 or the local emergency number immediately if:

The seizure lasts five minutes or longer or is repeated. Injuries have resulted from the seizure. The person experiences persistent breathing difficulty. The person having the seizure also has a fever.