What are the 5 properties of oil?

Solution gas oil ratio (GOR) Formation volume factor. Viscosity. Interfacial tension.

What are the 2 main characteristics of crude oil?

Two of the most important quality characteristics are density and sulfur content. Density ranges from light to heavy, while sulfur content is characterized as sweet or sour. The crude oils represented in the chart are a selection of some of the crude oils marketed in various parts of the world.

What are the characteristics of fats and oils?

Each fat and oil have a range of physical, chemical and compositional parameters. Their important physicochemical properties are melting point, polymorphism, solid fat content and fatty acid composition. These properties assume a noteworthy part in deciding the quality of cookies and other bakery products.

What are the characteristics of vegetable oil?

characteristics. Vegetable oils, obtained from such oil-bearing seeds as corn (maize), cottonseed, peanuts, palm nuts (coconuts), and soybeans, are 100 percent fat and remain liquid at fairly low temperatures. They are processed to achieve neutral to yellow colour and to eliminate odour or produce mild odour.…

What are good characteristics of crude oil?

Two of the most important quality characteristics are density and sulfur content. Density ranges from light to heavy, while sulfur content is characterized as sweet or sour. The crude oils represented in the chart are a selection of some of the crude oils marketed in various parts of the world.

What is the classification of oil?

DIFFERENT TYPES OF OIL – BASE OIL CLASSIFICATION. As mentioned above, there are three types of liquid oil – natural, mineral, and synthetic oil.

What are the uses of oil?

We use petroleum products to propel vehicles, to heat buildings, and to produce electricity. In the industrial sector, the petrochemical industry uses petroleum as a raw material (a feedstock) to make products such as plastics, polyurethane, solvents, and hundreds of other intermediate and end-user goods.

What are the characteristics of fats?

Fats give a glossy appearance to food, for example when poured over hot vegetables, and add shine to sauces. Solid fats do not melt immediately but soften over a range of temperatures. Fats can be processed to rearrange the fatty acids and alter their melting point.

What is the chemical name of oil?

Petroleum is mainly a mixture of hydrocarbons, i.e. containing only carbon and hydrogen. The most common components are alkanes (paraffins), cycloalkanes (naphthenes), and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Why is characterization of crude oil important?

Analysis of crude oil composition provides important information that impacts on the recovery, handling, and transportation of hydrocarbons. Crude characterization also provides data in the analysis of geochemistry of the source of origin.

What are the 4 main types of crude oil?

Crude oil is a valuable resource that can be refined into petroleum products, including diesel fuel and gasoline. There are six types of crude oil: light/sweet, light/sour, medium/sweet, medium/sour, heavy/sweet, and heavy/sour.

What is crude oil GCSE?

Crude oil is a finite resource that is found in the Earth’s crust. It is the remains of organisms that lived and died millions of years ago – mainly plankton which was buried in mud. Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons. The carbon atoms in these molecules are joined together in chains and rings.

What is the importance of crude oil?

Crude oil is mainly used as a fuel and combustible, but is also indispensable as a chemical raw material. It is the foundation of modern life and in virtually every product around us – from smartphones and vehicle parts to wind turbines.

Who has the highest quality oil?

Tapis. Tapis, a type of crude found only in Malaysia, is considered the best quality oil in the world. Light and sweet, it’s benchmark traded in Singapore and coveted for its remarkably low sulphur content (0.04 percent) and low density of between 43 and 45° API.

What type of liquid is oil?

An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is composed primarily of hydrocarbons and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally “water fearing”) and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally “fat loving”). Oils are usually flammable and surface active.

What are the three main kinds of oil?

Heavy, light, synthetic – each type of crude oil serves a particular market, and each fetches a different price. Heavy oil. Light oil. Sweet or sour oil.

Who owns the world’s oil?

The top three producing nations (identified by the EIA) in 2021 were the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Russia.

Which country has most oil?

Venezuela
Oil Reserves by Country
#CountryOil Reserves (barrels) in 2016
1Venezuela299,953,000,000
2Saudi Arabia266,578,000,000
3Canada170,863,000,000
4Iran157,530,000,000