Characteristics of otitis media
What is the most characteristic symptom of acute suppurative otitis media?
Acute suppurative otitis media usually causes severe deep ear pain, fever, and a conductive hearing loss in the affected ear.
What are the characteristics of otitis media in indigenous Australians?
Otitis media is characterised in Indigenous children by a younger age at first episode, higher frequency of infection, greater severity and greater persistence than in non-Indigenous children (Jervis-Bardy et al. 2017).
What are the clinical features of otitis media with effusion?
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is characterized by a nonpurulent effusion of the middle ear that may be either mucoid or serous. Symptoms usually involve hearing loss or aural fullness but typically do not involve pain or fever. In children, hearing loss is generally mild and is often detected only with an audiogram.
What are the three most common causes of otitis media?
Predominant bacteria that cause otitis media are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and non‐typeable Haemophilus influenzae.
What is a otitis media?
An ear infection (sometimes called acute otitis media) is an infection of the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear. Children are more likely than adults to get ear infections.
Why is otitis media more common in Aboriginal children?
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children experience some of the highest rates of otitis media in the world. Key risk factors for otitis media in Aboriginal children in Australia are largely social and environmental factors such as overcrowded housing, poverty and limited access to services.
What are the 4 types of otitis media?
What are the different types of otitis media?
- Acute otitis media. This middle ear infection occurs abruptly causing swelling and redness. …
- Otitis media with effusion. Fluid (effusion) and mucus continue to accumulate in the middle ear after an initial infection subsides. …
- Chronic otitis media with effusion.
What is the classification of otitis media?
Otitis media can be classified into acute, effusive, and chronic suppurative forms. Their clinical presentations will vary based on the different symptoms.
What is the most common complication of otitis media?
The most common extracranial complications of OM include facial paralysis, subperiosteal abscess, mastoiditis, and labyrinthitis. The most common intracranial complications (ICCs) of OM are meningitis, cerebral abscess, lateral sinus thrombosis (LST), extradural abscess, otitic hydrocephalus, and encephalitis.
How many people are affected by otitis media?
Worldwide around 1.23 billion people are affected by otitis media, thus it is ranked as the fifth global burden of disease and the second cause of hearing loss [2, 4]. Children are the most affected groups and it is one of the commonest disease responsible for receiving antibiotics among children [4,5,6].
What is the gap in life expectancy between male Aboriginal and non Aboriginal Australians?
Average Aboriginal life expectancy. Aboriginal people can expect to die about 8 to 9 years earlier than non-Aboriginal Australians. On average, Aboriginal males live 71.6 years, 8.6 years less than their non-Aboriginal peers, women live 75.6 years, 7.8 years less.
What is grandmother’s law?
Grandmother’s Law is one half of Land Law where men and women hold balanced positions with reciprocal responsibilities for maintaining societal equilibrium.
What has reduced the incidence of purulent otitis media in children?
Many studies report that breastfeeding protects infants against OM. The best of these studies indicates that this benefit is evident only in children who are breastfed exclusively for the first 3-6 months of life. Breastfeeding of this duration reduces the incidence of OM by 13%.
Why do aboriginals not live as long?
Recent reports estimated a life expectancy gap of 11.5 years for Aboriginal males and 9.7 years for Aboriginal females compared to non-Aboriginal Australians. About 80% of this difference is due preventable chronic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
What is the stolen generation in Australia?
The Stolen Generations refers to a period in Australia’s history where Aboriginal children were removed from their families through government policies. This happened from the mid-1800s to the 1970s.
Who started the Stolen Generation?
The Stolen Generations refers to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children who were removed from their families between 1910 and 1970. This was done by Australian federal and state government agencies and church missions, through a policy of assimilation.
What country has the highest life expectancy?
Countries ranked by life expectancy
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How old is Australia?
Australia is 117 years old.