How are ankle injuries classified?

The Lauge-Hansen classification system is used for the classification of ankle injuries based on injury mechanisms that have predictable patterns and imaging findings. Along with the Weber classification, these systems are useful tools for describing and classifying ankle injuries.

What are the different types of ankle fractures?

Different types of ankle fractures
  • Fibula Only Fracture (lateral malleolus fracture) The base of the fibula (the lateral malleolus) forms the bony lump on the outside of your ankle. …
  • Bimalleolar Ankle Fracture. …
  • Trimalleolar Fractures. …
  • Tibia Only Fracture (pilon fracture) …
  • Maisonneuve Fracture.

What is a ser 4 ankle fracture?

The fourth stage of the supination-external rotation (SER 4)1 type of ankle fracture consisting of a fibular fracture at the level of the syndesmosis and a medial malleolar fracture or a rupture of the deltoid ligament, is unstable. It is usually treated operatively.

What is the most common type of ankle fracture?

Lateral malleolus fracture: This is the most common type of ankle fracture. It is a break of the lateral malleolus, the knobby bump on the outside of the ankle (in the lower portion of the fibula).

What are the 4 fracture classifications?

There are many types of fractures, but the main categories are displaced, non-displaced, open, and closed.

What is a Grade 3 ankle injury?

Grade 3 Sprain: Complete tear of the ligament. If the examiner pulls or pushes on the ankle joint in certain movements, gross instability occurs.

Which are the 3 most commonly injured ankle ligaments?

The three ligaments that compose the lateral complex are the anterior talofibular (ATFL), the calcaneofibular (CFL), and posterior talofibular (PTFL) and they tend to be injured in this order with the anterior talofibular ligament being injured most commonly.

Which is the commonest ligament injury in ankle?

Clinically Relevant Anatomy

Of the lateral ankle ligament complex the most frequently damaged one is the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL).

What are the 3 main types of fracture you can get?

In this article we look at the three primary types of fractures: open, closed, and displaced fractures.
  • Open Fracture. When a broken bone breaks through the skin, it is classified as an open fracture. …
  • Closed Fracture. …
  • Displaced Fracture. …
  • Subcategories.

What are the 7 types of fractures?

The Different Types of Bone Fractures
  • Transverse fracture. A transverse fracture occurs when a bone breaks at a 90-degree angle to the long axis of the bone. …
  • Oblique fracture. …
  • Comminuted fracture. …
  • Greenstick fracture. …
  • Stress fracture. …
  • Pathologic fracture.

What are the 5 most common fractures?

Here are five common types of fractures:
  • Open (compound) fracture.
  • Stress fracture.
  • Comminuted fracture.
  • Greenstick fracture.
  • Compression fracture.

Can you still walk on a fractured ankle?

Typically, a minor ankle fracture won’t prevent you from walking. You might even be able to walk right after the injury. If you have a serious break, you’ll need to avoid walking for a few months. As your ankle gets better, you can slowly return to your usual activities.

What are the 3 main types of fracture and their differences?

What Are the Different Types of Fractures?
  • Open Fracture. When a broken bone breaks through the skin, it is classified as an open fracture. …
  • Closed Fracture. Closed fractures do not penetrate the skin or carry the same risk of infection as open fractures. …
  • Displaced Fracture. …
  • Subcategories.

What type of fracture hurts the most?

Compound fractures are the most serious type of break and can take a long time to heal. If they’re exceedingly complex, they may even require physiotherapy, surgery. or skin grafts to repair the bone’s surrounding tissue. It’s usually fairly obvious when you’ve broken a bone, but not all breaks are as clear as others.

What’s the most painful bone to break?

1. Broken Femur. The femur is considered the longest, largest and strongest bone in the human body. So, when a bone of this size and strength is literally snapped in two, the pain is not only immediately agonizing, but also prolonged over a long period of time.

How are bone injuries classified?

Your provider will classify your fracture as either open or closed. If you have an open fracture, your bone breaks through your skin. Open fractures are sometimes referred to as compound fractures. Open fractures usually take longer to heal and have an increased risk of infections and other complications.

What are the main 2 classification of fractures?

Displaced Fracture: bone breaks into two or more pieces and moves out of alignment. Non-Displaced Fracture: the bone breaks but does not move out of alignment.

What are the 4 classifications of bone and how are they classified?

The four principal types of bones are long, short, flat and irregular. Bones that are longer than they are wide are called long bones. They consist of a long shaft with two bulky ends or extremities. They are primarily compact bone but may have a large amount of spongy bone at the ends or extremities.

What are the 5 classifications of injuries?

Five Types of Injuries and Five Causes
  • Soft Tissue Injuries.
  • Broken Bones.
  • Traumatic Brain Injuries.
  • Spinal Cord Injuries.
  • Psychological Injuries.

What are the 3 classifications of injury?

Did you know that most athletic injuries can be boiled down into three main categories? Acute, Overuse, and Chronic.