What are the three classifications of antibiotics?

Antibiotics can be categorized by their spectrum of activity—namely, whether they are narrow-, broad-, or extended-spectrum agents. Narrow-spectrum agents (e.g., penicillin G) affect primarily gram-positive bacteria.

What type of antibacterial is azithromycin?

Azithromycin is from a group of medicines called macrolide antibiotics. Macrolide antibiotics work by killing the bacteria that cause the infection. Azithromycin is available on prescription as capsules, tablets and a liquid that you swallow. It can also be given by injection, but this is usually only done in hospital.

Is azithromycin a class of penicillin?

Official answer. Zithromax is not a penicillin it is a type of antibiotic called a macrolide. Macrolides kill bacteria by inhibiting protein synthesis and blocking the assembly of the 50S ribosomal subunit, which is a structure in a cell that helps coordinate protein synthesis.

What are the classification of drugs?

DREs classify drugs in one of seven categories: central nervous system (CNS) depressants, CNS stimulants, hallucinogens, dissociative anesthetics, narcotic analgesics, inhalants, and cannabis.

What are the 8 classes of antibiotics?

A Guide to the 8 Most Common Classes of Antibiotics
  • Penicillins. Alexander Fleming discovered in 1928 that mold derived from penicillin stopped the growth of bacteria. …
  • Cephalosporins. …
  • Sulfonamides. …
  • Fluoroquinolones. …
  • Macrolides. …
  • Tetracyclines. …
  • Aminoglycosides. …
  • Carbapenems.

What’s another name for azithromycin?

Brand name: Zithromax.

What is indication of azithromycin?

Azithromycin is indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the microorganisms listed in the specific conditions below. Recommended dosages, duration of therapy and considerations for various patient populations may vary among these infections.

What is azithromycin used for?

Azithromycin is used to treat certain bacterial infections, such as bronchitis; pneumonia; sexually transmitted diseases (STD); and infections of the ears, lungs, sinuses, skin, throat, and reproductive organs.

What is third generation antibiotics?

Third-generation cephalosporins are medications used in the management and treatment of gram-negative and gram-positive organisms. They are encompassed among the beta-lactam class of drugs.

How many different antibiotics are there?

Now, there are more than 100 antibiotics to fight the war against bacterial infections. Here is a look at common antibiotic names and the types of antibiotics your doctor may prescribe.

What is the classification of cephalosporins?

Cephalosporins are a type of antibiotic. Antibiotics are medications that treat bacterial infections. There are many types, often called classes, of antibiotics available. Cephalosporins are a type of beta-lactam antibiotic.

What is 4th generation antibiotics?

The fourth generation penicillins are semisynthetic modifications of natural penicillin that have the advantage of an extended spectrum of activity particularly against gram negative bacteria including Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Proteus and Klebsiella species.

What are 2nd generation antibiotics?

The new second-generation cephalosporins, cefonicid, ceforanide, and cefuroxime, have recently become available. These agents are generally less active against gram-positive cocci than first-generation cephalosporins and, at best, equal to cefoxitin and cefamandole against many gram-negative bacteria.

What is 1st generation antibiotics?

The natural or “first generation” penicillins are bactericidal antibiotics naturally derived from the mold, Penicillium chrysogenum. Their basic structure includes a thiazolidine ring connected to a beta-lactam ring with a variable side chain.

What is the generation of azithromycin?

Azithromycin, a second-generation macrolide antibiotic.