What are the classification of fluid machine?
Depending upon the main direction of fluid path in the rotor, the machine is termed as radial flow or axial flow machine . In radial flow machine, the main direction of flow in the rotor is radial while in axial flow machine, it is axial.
What is the main purpose of fluid machines?
Fluid machines are devices that convert the energy of the fluid that passes through them or transfer energy to the fluid.
What is the meaning of hydraulic machine?
Hydraulic Machines are machinery and tools that use fluid power for its functioning. In these machines, a large amount of power is transferred through small tubes and hoses.
What is a pump in fluid machineries?
A pump is a machine or device that is used for raising, compressing or transferring fluid that may be liquid or gas. A centrifugal pump is a device which converts the mechanical energy into the hydraulic energy by centrifugal force on the liquid and is used to move liquids through a piping system.
What is fluid mechanics and its types?
Fluid mechanics is the study of fluid behavior (liquids, gases, blood, and plasmas) at rest and in motion. Fluid mechanics has a wide range of applications in mechanical and chemical engineering, in biological systems, and in astrophysics.
How many types of pump are there?
Positive displacement and dynamic pumps are two basic types of pumps according to the mechanism of energy transfer.
What is the application of fluid mechanics in civil engineering?
A number of environmental, geotechnical and structural engineering problems are intimately linked to fluid mechanics as well. Consider, for example, the synergy of fluid principles in air pollution control, water and wastewater treatment, groundwater management and control, and the construction of dams and bridges.
What is the role of the chemical engineer in tasks related to fluid machines?
In most cases, they are to ensure process fluids be transported from the storage tanks through the process equipment to the product storage in a controlled manner. For these tasks and many other, chemical engineers must have an understanding of Fluid Mechanics.
What fluid machines are based on the centrifugal principle?
Theory: – The hydraulic machine which converts the mechanical energy in to pressure energy by means of centrifugal force acting on the fluid is called centrifugal pump.
What do you understand by the term fluid?
: a substance (such as a liquid or gas) tending to flow or conform to the outline of its container.
What is the application of fluid mechanics in mechanical engineering?
Extrusion of polymers, crystal growth, die casting, car and aircraft aerodynamics, flow in heat exchangers, irrigation systems, heating, cooling and ventilation systems, pumps and turbines are technological examples where fluid mechanics plays a very important role.
What is the application of fluid mechanics in electrical engineering?
In hydroelectric power plants and automobiles, fluids are directly used to generate power or electricity. In thermal and nuclear power plants, fluids are indirectly used for generation of power, and still they are the dominant parts of these applications.
What is the field variable in fluid flow?
1, pressure, temperature, and density are field variables that must be known in order to characterize the flow field. Enthalpy and entropy are usually expressed as functions of these field variables.
What are the different types of fluids?
Types of Fluids
- Ideal fluid.
- Real fluid.
- Newtonian fluid.
- Non-Newtonian fluid.
- Ideal plastic fluid.
- Incompressible fluid.
- Compressible fluid.
What is the basic principle of fluid mechanics?
The basic fluid mechanics principles are the continuity equation (i.e. conservation of mass), the momentum principle (or conservation of momentum) and the energy equation.
What are the properties of fluid?
Temperature, density, pressure, and specific enthalpy are the thermodynamic properties of fluids. Physical properties: These properties help in understanding the physical state of the fluid such as colour and odour.
What are the 4 types of fluid?
The different types of fluid are: Ideaf fluid, Real fluid, Newtonian fluid, Non-Newtonian fluid, Incompressible fluid, and Compressible fluid.
What are 5 examples of fluids?
Examples of fluids
- Any other gas or liquid.
What are fluids 5 examples?
The substances which can flow easily are called fluids. all liquids and gases are fluids . example – water, oil, air etc.
What are examples of fluid mechanics?
Other examples of fluid mechanics include buoyancy (why you’ll float in the Dead Sea), surface tension, wound healing, pattern formation in boiling liquids (the so-called Rayleigh-Bènard convection), and the motion of ants or flocks of birds moving in unison.
What are the 2 types of flow?
There are mainly two kinds of flow, such as:
- Laminar flow – Laminar flow would be the continuous movement of flowing fluid that follows or respects streamlines. …
- Turbulent flow – Turbulent flow is characterized by erratic property modifications in the flow.