What is classification of head injury?

Head injuries may be categorized in several ways. Injuries are classified by mechanism (closed vs. penetrating injury), morphology (fractures, focal intracranial injury and diffuse intracranial injury), and severity (mild, moderate and severe).

What are the 3 main categories of a head injury?

The following are some of the different types of head injuries:
  • Concussion. A concussion is an injury to the head area that may cause instant loss of awareness or alertness for a few minutes up to a few hours after the traumatic event.
  • Skull fracture. …
  • Intracranial hematoma (ICH).

What are the four types of head injuries?

Types of Head Injuries
  • Concussion. This is the most common type of head injury. …
  • Contusion. A bruise on the actual brain itself is called a contusion. …
  • Intracranial hematoma (ICH). This is bleeding under the skull in the brain that forms a clot. …
  • Skull fracture. Sometimes, a broken skull bone can affect the brain.

What is a Level 5 head injury?

LEVEL 5: CONFUSED – INAPPROPRIATE – NON-AGITATED

The patient is easily distracted so may need to be asked several times to finish a task. They have memories of events in the past but they will not have clear memories of events since the injury.

What are the 4 categories of concussion symptoms?

The signs and symptoms of concussion reported within 1 to 7 days post injury (see Table 3-3) typically fall into four categories—physical (somatic), cognitive, emotional (affective), and sleep—and patients will experience one or more symptoms from one or more categories.

What is the management of head injury?

Mild traumatic brain injuries usually require no treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a headache. However, a person with a mild traumatic brain injury usually needs to be monitored closely at home for any persistent, worsening or new symptoms.

What is a level 7 brain injury?

Level 7: automatic – appropriate

The person can now do daily routines with little or no confusion, but may not know what they have been doing. They usually have poor judgment, find it hard to find solutions to problems and make poor decisions about the future.

What is level 4 head trauma?

Level 4 — Confused/Agitated: Person is extremely agitated and confused. Level 5 — Confused-Inappropriate/Non-agitated: Person is confused and responses to commands are inaccurate. Level 6 — Confused-Appropriate: Person is confused and responds accurately to commands.

What is a level 3 brain injury?

Grade 3: A severe diffuse axonal injury with finding as Grade 2 and additional focal lesions in the brainstem.

What is a level 3 brain injury?

Grade 3: A severe diffuse axonal injury with finding as Grade 2 and additional focal lesions in the brainstem.

What are the two categories of closed head injury?

Closed head injuries are classified as primary and secondary. A primary injury results from the initial anatomic and physiologic insult, which is usually direct trauma to the head, regardless of cause.

What is a level 4 head trauma?

Level 4 — Confused/Agitated: Person is extremely agitated and confused. Level 5 — Confused-Inappropriate/Non-agitated: Person is confused and responses to commands are inaccurate. Level 6 — Confused-Appropriate: Person is confused and responds accurately to commands.

How many types of head trauma are there?

Head injuries can be divided into two main types: closed head injury and open head injury. A closed head injury is where the victim does not suffer any damage to their skull or bone structure. This occurs when the brain collides with the skull walls at great speed causing bruising and bleeding in the brain.

What are the 7 types of TBI?

Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Concussions. Concussions are the most common type of traumatic brain injury. …
  • Contusions. These often accompany concussions. …
  • Brain Hemorrhages. …
  • Intracranial Hematomas. …
  • Coup-Contrecoup Brain Injury. …
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI) …
  • Penetrating Brain Injury. …
  • Second Impact Syndrome.

What does GCS stand for?

Continuing Education Activity. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is used to objectively describe the extent of impaired consciousness in all types of acute medical and trauma patients. The scale assesses patients according to three aspects of responsiveness: eye-opening, motor, and verbal responses.

What is normal ICP?

In the horizontal position, the normal ICP in healthy adult subjects was reported to be within the range of 7–15 mm Hg. 19. In the vertical position it is negative with a mean of around −10 mm Hg, but not exceeding −15 mm Hg. 20. The definition of raised ICP depends on the specific pathology.

What is a serious head injury called?

Traumatic brain injury usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. An object that goes through brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury.

Which drug is contraindicated in head injury?

Despite this, ketamine has been generally contraindicated for use in patients with TBI due to concerns of sympathetic stimulation, leading to an increase in the ICP.