How are ointment classified?

An ointment base forms the body of any ointment. Ointment bases are classified into four general groups: (1) hydrocarbon bases, (2) absorption bases, (3) emulsion or water-removable bases, and (4) water-soluble bases (Table 23.1).

What are the characteristics of an ointment?

Ointments are preparations for external use, intended for application to the skin. Typically, they have an oily or greasy consistency and can appear “stiff” as they are applied to the skin.

What is ointment base definition?

Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an oil base, a cream is water soluble.

What are the components of ointment?

Typical ointment bases comprise petrolatum and mineral oil, or petrolatum and waxy/fatty alcohol combinations, the ratio and grades of these components being selected to give the desired finished product viscosity/spreadability. Proprietary ointment bases are also available (e.g., Ointment Base No.

What are the uses of ointment?

Ointments are used as vehicles for topical application of the actives and basically function as skin protective and emollient.

What is an example of ointment?

Aquaphor and Eucerin are two examples of OTC ointments that offer soothing protection for dry, chapped, or cracked skin. These can also help relieve eczema and psoriasis patches.

What is simple ointment?

Simple ointment which is composed of cetostearyl alcohol, wool fat, white paraffin, and hard paraffin was prepared according to the standard guide line (Gaur et al., 2009) . Finally, ointments containing 5 and 10% (w/w) methanol extract of C. macrostachyus leaves were made using the simple ointment as a vehicle. …

What are the raw materials of ointment?

In the pharmaceutical industry, ointments are manufactured by melting oil and aqueous phases in two separate jacketed vessels with agitators for proper mixing.

What is the difference between a cream and an ointment?

Creams are thicker than lotions, and ointments are thicker still, and greasier. An occlusive such as mineral oil or petrolatum (petroleum jelly) is the main ingredient. Medicated products such as topical antibiotics often come in ointment form because ointments stay on the skin longer.

What is an ointment quizlet?

Ointments are. Semisolid preparations intended for external application to the skin or mucous membranes that soften or melt at body temperature. They should spread easily and be non-gritty.

What are the raw materials of ointment?

In the pharmaceutical industry, ointments are manufactured by melting oil and aqueous phases in two separate jacketed vessels with agitators for proper mixing.

Why ointment is required?

Ointments are preparations applied to the skin, eyes, and mucus membranes used as medicines, moisturizers, or cosmetics. Ointments are best used on dry skin because they trap moisture and are not well absorbed into the skin.

What is role of simple ointment?

To lubricate and protect the eye in conditions such as exposure keratitis, decreased corneal sensitivity, recurrent corneal erosions, keratitis sicca, ophthalmic and non-ophthalmic surgery, sticky eyes and to soften crusts formed due to inflammation of the eye lids. Adults, the elderly and children.

What is difference between gel and ointment?

Gels are non-greasy preparations. Ointments are non-porous and highly greasy and absorptive preparations. Gels are used for medicating, lubricating and miscellaneous purposes. Ointments are used for emollient medicative purposes and for protection of lesions.

What is ointment PDF?

“OINTMENTS ARE SEMISOLID. DOSAGE FORMS INTENDED FOR. EXTERNAL APPLICATION TO. SKIN OR MUCOUS MEMBRANE” EITHER MEDICATED.

What are medicated ointments?

Medicated ointments contain a medicament dissolved, suspended or emulsified in the base. Ointments are used topically for several purposes, example, as protectants, antiseptics, emollients, antipruritic, keratolytics and astringents.