What are the 2 main classification of pumps?

Pumps are divided into 2 major categories: Dynamic and Positive Displacement (aka Displacement).

What are the 3 types of centrifugal pumps?

Single-stage, Two-stage, or Multi-stage.

What is the classification of centrifugal pump?

Classification of Centrifugal Pumps Based on the Flow Type

Accordingly, radial, Axial, and Mixed flow are three types of centrifugal pumps.

What are the four 4 types of rotary pumps?

Selection of a positive displacement (PD) rotary pump is not always an easy choice. There are four common types of PD pumps available: internal gear, external gear, timed lobe, and vane.

What is pumps and its types?

Centrifugal Pumps
SUB-TYPEDESCRIPTIONPERFORMANCE
Axial Flow PumpAlso known as a propeller pump, it produces water flow along the impeller shaft direction.High flow rate Low pressure
Radial Flow PumpThis pump type produces flow in a direction perpendicular to the shaft (90° angle).Low flow rate High pressure
4 may 2018

What is the use of impeller?

An impeller or impellor is a rotor used to increase the pressure and flow of a fluid. It is the opposite of a turbine, which extracts energy from, and reduces the pressure of, a flowing fluid.

What is meant by NPSH?

What is NPSH? NPSH stands for Net Positive Suction Head and is a measure of the pressure experienced by a fluid on the suction side of a centrifugal pump.

What is types of rotary?

The two major types of rotary pumps are those with single or multiple rotors. Flexible member – Flexing vanes are used to move media. Pumping and sealing is dependent on the elasticity of these flexible vanes. They can also be a tube or liner.

What is gear type pump?

A gear pump is a type of positive displacement (PD) pump. It moves a fluid by repeatedly enclosing a fixed volume using interlocking cogs or gears, transferring it mechanically using a cyclic pumping action. It delivers a smooth pulse-free flow proportional to the rotational speed of its gears.

What are the main types of pumps?

There are three basic types of pumps: positive-displacement, centrifugal and axial-flow pumps. In centrifugal pumps the direction of flow of the fluid changes by ninety degrees as it flows over an impeller, while in axial flow pumps the direction of flow is unchanged.

What is principle of centrifugal pump?

The basic principle of operation of centrifugal pumps is – force vortex flow. This means, when a body of liquid is acted upon by an external torque, it increases the pressure head of the rotating liquid. This increase in pressure is directly proportional to the velocity of the liquid.

Which pump is used for high pressure?

Multi-stage centrifugal pumps tend to be used for applications that require higher pressure or pressure head. Diaphragm type pumps are generally deployed within the following ranges: Flow rate ranges between 20 to 750,000 lpm.

Why do we use centrifugal pumps?

Centrifugal pumps are used to induce flow or raise a liquid from a low level to a high level. These pumps work on a very simple mechanism. A centrifugal pump converts rotational energy, often from a motor, to energy in a moving fluid.

What is axial pump used for?

axial pump. Axial pumps are used for the promotion of incompressible fluids and are employed for large volume flows at relatively low delivery heads. As with all types of centrifugal pumps, the energy transmission in axial flow pumps is carried out exclusively through flow-related processes.

What is the principle of axial pump?

Axial flow pumps have a motor-driven rotor that directs flow along a path parallel to the axis of the pump. The fluid thus travels in a relatively straight direction, from the inlet pipe through the pump to the outlet pipe. Axial flow pumps are most often used as compressors in turbo-jet engines.

What is pump theory?

Pumps are an integral part of many pressure systems. Pumps add energy, or head gains, to the flow to counteract headlosses and hydraulic grade differences within the system. A pump is defined by its characteristic curve, which relates the pump head, or the head added to the system, to the flow rate.

What is radial flow pump?

Radial flow pumps are centrifugal pumps, at which the fluid handled leaves the impeller in a radial direction. The radial outward movement of the flow (see Flow rate in the impeller causes higher centrifugal forces, which translate into higher discharge pressures but typically smaller volume flow rates.

What is radial flow?

Radial flow: Liquid flowing radially from, or to, an inlet (or outlet) located at the center of the tray, to (or from) downcomers (or inlets) at the tray periphery.

What is a triplex pump?

A triplex piston pump is a reciprocating positive displacement pump that uses only three pistons. This type of pump is often used for high pressure applications e.g. hydraulic systems. Due to its robust design, it is capable of pumping high viscosity fluids and fluids which contain solids.

What is the difference between axial and radial pumps?

Axial Flow: The axial flow impeller discharges fluid along the shaft axis. For this reason an axial flow pump is by definition not “centrifugal” in its pumping action. Radial Flow: The radial flow impeller discharges the fluid radially at 90° to the shaft axis.

What is the difference between axial and radial?

Axial loads occur parallel to the direction of motion, while radial loads occur perpendicular to the direction of motion.