What are the 4 different categories of special educational needs?

The four broad areas of SEND need are:
  • communication and interaction.
  • cognition and learning.
  • social, emotional and mental health difficulties.
  • sensory and/or physical needs.

What is classed as special needs?

A child has special educational needs if they have a learning problem or disability that make it more difficult for them to learn than most children their age. They may have problems with schoolwork, communication or behaviour. Parents can get help and advice from specialists, teachers and voluntary organisations.

What are the most common special needs categories?

There are four major types of special needs children: Physical – muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, chronic asthma, epilepsy, etc. Developmental – down syndrome, autism, dyslexia, processing disorders. Behavioral/Emotional – ADD, bi-polar, oppositional defiance disorder, etc.

How many categories of SEN are there?

In the SEND Code of Practice, there are four broad areas of special educational needs, that should be identified and focused on within educational settings. The four main SEND areas are: Communication and Interaction. Cognition and Learning.

What are special needs children called?

The National Center on Disability and Journalism recommends never using it: “Our advice: avoid the term ‘special needs. ‘ Disabled is acceptable in most contexts, but we advise asking the person to whom you’re referring what they prefer.”

What are the 7 main types of learning disabilities?

In particular, psychology professionals should study these seven learning disabilities:
  • Dyslexia. …
  • Dysgraphia. …
  • Dyscalculia. …
  • Auditory processing disorder. …
  • Language processing disorder. …
  • Nonverbal learning disabilities. …
  • Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit.

What are the top 5 disabilities?

While there are too many types of disabilities to list, we can provide the top 10 according to the Social Security Administration (SSA).

1. Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue
  • Arthritis.
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Spine disorders.
  • Scoliosis.
  • Ruptured discs.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Degenerative disc disease.

What are some examples of special needs?

Special needs can range from people with autism, Asperger syndrome, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, blindness, deafness, ADHD, and cystic fibrosis. They can also include cleft lips and missing limbs.

What are examples of educational needs?

What is Educational Need?
  • a lack of appropriate instruction in reading, including the essential components of reading instruction;
  • a lack of appropriate instruction in math; or.
  • Limited English proficiency.

What are the different types of send?

The Four Broad Areas of SEND
  • Communication and interaction.
  • Cognition and learning.
  • Social, emotional and mental health difficulties.
  • Sensory and/or physical needs.

Who are special needs students?

Children with Special Needs (CWSN) are those who have some type of disability and require exceptional care and extra help. The special needs of these children depend on the nature of their disability.

Is special needs a disability?

Speaking about the term Disability, it is more about physical and mental inabilities while special needs are related to learning disabilities. There is one more term – differently-abled, which is used for mental as well as physical disabilities.

How do you teach children with special needs?

Successful Strategies for Teaching and Supporting Students with Disabilities
  1. Lean on others. …
  2. Stay organized. …
  3. Don’t reinvent the wheel. …
  4. Know that each student is unique. …
  5. Keep instructions simple. …
  6. Embrace advocacy. …
  7. Create opportunities for success. …
  8. Don’t feel pressure to be perfect.

What are the 21 types of disabilities?

Definitions
  • Locomotor Disability. Leprosy Cured Person. Cerebral Palsy. Dwarfism. Muscular Dystrophy. Acid Attack Victims.
  • Visual Impairment. Blindness. Low Vission.
  • Hearing Impairment. Deaf. Hard of Hearing.
  • Speech and Language Disability.

What means special child?

By. a child with special needs for education and training. They may have learning disabilities, mental retardation or emotional problems. SPECIAL CHILD: “Joe was considered to be a special child due to his physical disabilities.”

Is ADHD a special needs?

ADHD is not considered to be a learning disability. It can be determined to be a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), making a student eligible to receive special education services.

What are 14 major types of disability?

The majority of IDEA appropriations are allocated to states by formula to carry out activities under Part B, which covers 14 disability categories: (1) autism, (2) deaf-blindness, (3) deafness, (4) emotional disturbance, (5) hearing impairment, (6) intellectual disability, (7) multiple disabilities, (8) orthopedic …