Definition of acute abdomen
What classification is acute abdomen?
 first attempted an etiologic classification of ‘acute abdomen’ into three groups. The three groups were ‘mechanical obstruction,’ ‘inflammatory diseases and infections,’ and ‘miscellaneous. ‘ The first group, ‘mechanical obstruction,’ was further classified into subgroups of ‘intraluminal’ and ‘extraluminal.
What is acute abdomen PDF?
The term, acute abdomen, is often used. synonymously for a condition that requires immediate operative inter- vention. Those patients, who require immediate operation, represent. only a subset of patients with an acute abdomen.
How is acute abdomen diagnosed?
Ultrasonography is the initial imaging test of choice for patients presenting with right upper quadrant pain. Computed tomography (CT) is recommended for evaluating right or left lower quadrant pain. Conventional radiography has limited diagnostic value in the assessment of most patients with abdominal pain.
What are causes of acute abdomen?
The causes of an acute abdomen include appendicitis, perforated peptic ulcer, acute pancreatitis, ruptured sigmoid diverticulum, ovarian torsion, volvulus, ruptured aortic aneurysm, lacerated spleen or liver, and ischemic bowel.
What are the five common causes of acute abdomen?
Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain are appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, diverticulitis, and small bowel obstruction.
What are the five complications of acute abdomen?
Common pathologies include appendicitis, bowel obstruction, perforation of hollow viscus and ischemia. The most common complications after acute abdominal surgery are wound infection, intra-abdominal infection, and the association of both.
How do you manage acute abdomen?
Stabilizing a patient with signs of acute abdomen often begins before obtaining a diagnosis. Stabilization includes administering IV fluids, analgesics, and, when appropriate, antibiotics. Once a patient has been stabilized and a diagnosis made, appropriate definitive therapy can be initiated.
What is the nursing diagnosis for abdominal pain?
Nursing Diagnosis: Acute Abdominal Pain related to stomach spasms, secondary to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), as evidenced by abdominal pain, high pain score rating, verbalization of pain or discomfort in the abdominal region, abdominal guarding, and cramping.
What is epigastric pain?
What is epigastric pain? The upper part of your abdomen, which sits below your rib cage, is known as the epigastrium. Your pancreas sits within the epigastrium, as well as parts of your small intestine, stomach and liver. Pain or discomfort below your ribs in this area of the upper abdomen is called epigastric pain.
What is acute pain according to Nanda?
According to Nanda the definition for acute pain is the state in which an individual experiences and reports the presence of severe discomfort or an uncomfortable sensation lasting from 1 second to less than 6 months.
What are the three types of nursing diagnosis?
There are 4 types of nursing diagnoses: risk-focused, problem-focused, health promotion-focused, or syndrome-focused.
What is a 2 part nursing diagnosis?
TWO-PART NURSING DIAGNOSIS: Risk Nursing Diagnosis are written in the two-part format. The first part indicates the diagnostic label and the second part indicates the presence of risk factors or confirmation for a risk nursing diagnosis. Example: ‘Risk for infection related to compromised immune system”.
What is the full form of NANDA?
A working definition of nursing diagnosis was adopted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) Biennial Business Meeting in March 1990.