What is the most common muscular dystrophy?

Myotonic MD

This is the most common adult-onset form of MD and usually affects people between 20 and 30 years of age, although it can also occur in children. There are two types of myotonic MD: type 1 (more common) and type 2.

How many types of muscular dystrophy are there?

There are 9 types of muscular dystrophy, with each type involving an eventual loss of strength, increasing disability, and possible deformity. The most well known of the muscular dystrophies is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), followed by Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD).

What is the rarest type of muscular dystrophy?

Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is one of several forms of a rare type of muscular dystrophy known as congenital muscular dystrophy. It is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Symptoms of this disorder are apparent at birth and progress slowly.

What are the stages of muscular dystrophy?

What are the 5 general stages in Duchenne?
  • Diagnosis (infancy/childhood)
  • Early ambulatory (childhood)
  • Late ambulatory (late childhood/adolescent/young adult)
  • Early non-ambulatory (adolescent/young adult)
  • Late non-ambulatory (adult)

What causes muscular dystrophy?

What causes muscular dystrophy? MD is caused by changes (mutations) in the genes responsible for the structure and functioning of a person’s muscles. The mutations cause changes in the muscle fibres that interfere with the muscles’ ability to function. Over time, this causes increasing disability.

What is the most common type of muscle problem?

Common primary muscle disorders include inflammatory myopathies, including polymyositis, which is characterized by inflammation and progressive weakening of the skeletal muscles; dermatomyositis, which is polymyositis accompanied by a skin rash; and inclusion body myositis, which is characterized by progressive muscle …

What parts of the body does muscular dystrophy affect?

Muscles around the eyes and mouth are often affected first, followed by weakness around the shoulders, chest, and upper arms. A particular pattern of muscle wasting causes the shoulders to appear to be slanted and the shoulder blades to appear winged. Muscles in the lower extremities may also become weakened.

Is muscular dystrophy painful?

Recent research suggests that chronic pain may be a significant problem in many persons with chronic neuromuscular disease (NMD), including all forms of muscular dystrophy.

Do females get muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually affects males. However, females are also affected in rare instances. Approximately 8% of female Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) carriers are manifesting carriers and have muscle weakness to some extent.

What can be mistaken for muscular dystrophy?

The diseases most frequently mistaken for muscular dystrophy were polymyositis and the syndrome of “benign hypotonia.” Polymyositis, with its protean manifestations and variable course, may mimic all of the forms of muscular dystrophy so closely that differentiation becomes especially difficult.

How do you detect muscular dystrophy?

Diagnosis
  1. Enzyme tests. Damaged muscles release enzymes, such as creatine kinase (CK), into your blood. …
  2. Genetic testing. …
  3. Muscle biopsy. …
  4. Heart-monitoring tests (electrocardiography and echocardiogram). …
  5. Lung-monitoring tests. …
  6. Electromyography.