What is the genus and species of a sponge?

Species. Spongia officinalis. Species. Spongia sterea de Laubenfels and Storr – wire sponge.

What is the scientific name for a sponge?

Sponges are classified in the phylum Porifera. The word ‘Porifera’ comes from the Latin words ‘porus’ (pore) and ‘ferre’ (bear), meaning ‘pore-bearer. ‘ This is a reference to the numerous pores or holes on a sponge’s surface. It is through these pores that the sponge draws in water from which it feeds.

What class does sponge belong to?

Sponges belong to the class Demospongiae. What phylum to Sponges belong to? Sponges belong to the phylum Porifera.

What is the sponge?

A sponge is a member of the phylum Porifera. It is a simple animal with many cells, but no mouth, muscles, heart or brain. It is sessile: it cannot move from place to place the way most animals can. A sponge is an animal that grows in one spot like most plants do.

What is sponge made of?

Synthetic sponges are made of three basic ingredients: cellulose derived from wood pulp, sodium sulphate, and hemp fiber. Other materials needed are chemical softeners, which break the cellulose down into the proper consistency, bleach, and dye.

Are sponges Autotrophs?

These ‘autotrophic’ sponges live in a symbiotic association with the cyanobacteria and are found in the reef flats and shallow rock pools of the GBR (Great Barrier Reef). Collospongia auris, an autotrophic plate-like sponge growing on the reef flat.

What kingdom and phylum do sponges belong to?

Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms in the biological kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, animals consume organic material, breathe oxygen, are able to move, can reproduce sexually, and …


What is the scientific name of sycon?

Scypha, also called sycon, genus of marine sponges of the class Calcarea (calcareous sponges), characterized by a fingerlike body shape known as the syconoid type of structure.

Is a sponge Heterotroph?

Sponges are multicellular, heterotrophic parazoan organisms, characterized by the possession of unique feeding system among the animals. They are the most primitive types of animals in existence, featuring a cell-based organization where different cells have different tasks, but do not form tissues.

Do sponges have neurons?

Sponges are among the most primitive of all animals. They are immobile, and live by filtering detritus from the water. They have no brains or, for that matter, any neurons, organs or even tissues.

Is a sponge asexual?

Sponges reproduce by both asexual and sexual means. Most poriferans that reproduce by sexual means are hermaphroditic and produce eggs and sperm at different times.

Do sponges have tissues?

Sponges are considered the oldest animal phyla. They are multicellular but do not have tissues or organs. The name porifera means ‘pore bearer’ in Latin. The surface of the sponge’s body is covered by a skin, one cell thick.

Is a sponge eukaryotic or prokaryotic?

Sponges, like all animals, are eukaryotic – meaning heir cells have a nucleus. Porifera in Latin means “pore-bearer” and refers to the many pores or openings in these animals. Because of these lores, a sponge can soak up and release water. At one time, real sponges were used for cleaning and bathing.

What are amoebocytes in sponges?

An amebocyte or amoebocyte (/əˈmiː. bə. saɪt/) is a mobile cell (moving like an amoeba) in the body of invertebrates including cnidaria, echinoderms, molluscs, tunicates, sponges and some chelicerates. They move by pseudopodia.

Do sponges have endoskeleton?

In most sponges, an internal gelatinous matrix called mesohyl functions as an endoskeleton, and it is the only skeleton in soft sponges that encrust such hard surfaces as rocks. More commonly, the mesohyl is stiffened by mineral spicules, by spongin fibers, or both.

Do sponges have a mesoderm?

Simpler animals, such as sea sponges, have one germ layer and lack true tissue organization. All the more complex animals (from flat worms to humans) are triploblastic with three germ layers (a mesoderm as well as ectoderm and endoderm). The mesoderm allows them to develop true organs.

Do sponges have cells?

The bodies of all animals, including sponges (phylum Porifera), are multicellular—made of many cells. Although the sponge is composed of several different cell types, these cells show only a small degree of coordination with each other.

Is a sponge a cnidarian?

Sponges belong to Phylum Porifera. Cnidarians belong to Phylum Cnidaria.

Is a sponge porous?

A sponge is an example of a porous material as it has a large number of empty spaces compared to its volume. Porosity is the property of an object that expresses the total volume of empty or pore space in the material.

Are sponges exoskeleton or endoskeleton?

Sponges have an internal skeleton that gives them support and protection. An internal skeleton is called an endoskeleton. A sponge endoskeleton consists of short, sharp rods called spicules (see Figure below). Spicules are made of silica, calcium carbonate, or spongin, a tough protein.

How do sponges differ from Cnidaria?

These organisms show a simple organization. Sponges have multiple cell types that are geared toward executing various metabolic functions. Cnidarians have outer and inner tissue layers sandwiching a noncellular mesoglea. Cnidarians possess a well-formed digestive system and carry out extracellular digestion.

What do sponges and cnidarians have in common quizlet?

Which body form of the cnidarians is sessile? What do sponges and cnidarians have in common? Which of the following best describes sponges? They are asymmetrical, lack tissues, and do not move.