What are the 3 types of atelectasis?

The term atelectasis can also be used to describe the collapse of a previously inflated lung, either partially or fully, because of specific respiratory disorders. There are three major types of atelectasis: adhesive, compressive, and obstructive.

Which type of atelectasis is the most common?

Obstructive atelectasis is the most common type and results from reabsorption of gas from the alveoli when communication between the alveoli and the trachea is obstructed. The obstruction can occur at the level of the larger or smaller bronchus.

What classification is atelectasis?

Atelectasis can categorize into obstructive, non-obstructive, postoperative, and rounded atelectasis. Nonobstructive atelectasis can further classify into compression, adhesive, cicatrization, relaxation, and replacement atelectasis.

What is the best treatment for atelectasis?

Treatment
  • Performing deep-breathing exercises (incentive spirometry) and using a device to assist with deep coughing may help remove secretions and increase lung volume.
  • Positioning your body so that your head is lower than your chest (postural drainage). …
  • Tapping on your chest over the collapsed area to loosen mucus.

Which type of atelectasis is irreversible?

Such progressive or fatal massive pulmonary atelectasis, where re-aeration of the involved segments neither occurs nor is possible, may be termed clinically “irreversible” atelectasis.

What is the difference between lung collapse and atelectasis?

A collapsed lung happens when air enters the pleural space, the area between the lung and the chest wall. If it is a total collapse, it is called pneumothorax. If only part of the lung is affected, it is called atelectasis.

What is mild atelectasis?

Atelectasis and other conditions may also be called collapsed lung. Atelectasis means that lung sacs cannot inflate properly, which means your blood may not be able to deliver oxygen to organs and tissues.

Does atelectasis mean pneumonia?

Atelectasis is collapse of lung tissue with loss of volume. Patients may have dyspnea or respiratory failure if atelectasis is extensive. They may also develop pneumonia. Atelectasis is usually asymptomatic, but hypoxemia and pleuritic chest pain may be present in certain cases.

What is the difference between lung collapse and atelectasis?

A collapsed lung happens when air enters the pleural space, the area between the lung and the chest wall. If it is a total collapse, it is called pneumothorax. If only part of the lung is affected, it is called atelectasis.

Is it normal to have Bibasilar atelectasis?

It is most common for a person to experience bibasilar atelectasis after they have undergone a major surgical procedure, involving general anesthesia. There is a range of other possible causes, as well. Doctors class these causes as either obstructive or nonobstructive.

What is Adhesive atelectasis?

Adhesive atelectasis refers to the specific form of lung atelectasis that occurs due to the decrease or absence of pulmonary surfactant produced by type II pneumocytes. Without sufficient surfactant the alveoli collapse due to increased surface tension.

What does basilar atelectasis mean?

Overview. Bibasilar atelectasis is a condition that happens when you have a partial collapse of your lungs. This type of collapse is caused when the small air sacs in your lungs deflate.

Can atelectasis be permanent?

After treatment, a collapsed lung usually begins working the way it should again. But atelectasis can cause permanent damage in some cases.

Can atelectasis cause back pain?

But if a larger area of the lung is affected, atelectasis can cause fever, shallow breathing, wheezing, or coughing. In severe cases, you may even experience sharp chest pain that radiates to the shoulders or the back.

What does a partially collapsed lung feel like?

Common symptoms of a collapsed lung include: Sharp chest or shoulder pain, made worse by a deep breath or a cough. Shortness of breath. Nasal flaring (from shortness of breath)

Can atelectasis lead to death?

Atelectasis is when the airways or air sacs in the lungs collapse or do not fully expand. Atelectasis is usually reversible. However, without medical care, it can lead to potentially fatal complications.

What does atelectasis mean on a CT scan?

Atelectasis refers to either incomplete expansion of the lungs or the collapse of previously inflated lungs, which produces areas of relatively airless pulmonary parenchyma.