What are the four main types of central venous catheters?

Types of central lines
  • Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). This line is placed in a large vein in the upper arm, or near the bend of the elbow.
  • Subclavian line. This line is placed into the vein that runs behind the collarbone.
  • Internal jugular line. …
  • Femoral line.

What are the 4 types of CVADs?

There are four main types of CVAD:
  • 1 Non-tunnelled devices.
  • 2 Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs)
  • 3 Tunnelled devices.
  • 4 Implantable ports (Scales 2010a).

What are 3 common insertion sites for a central venous catheters?

ACCESS SITE Centrally inserted central venous catheters are primarily placed via the internal jugular vein, subclavian vein, or femoral vein. Alternative insertion sites include the external jugular vein, cephalic vein, and proximal great saphenous vein.

What type of catheter is considered a central line?

A central venous catheter, also known as a central line, is a tube that doctors place in a large vein in the neck, chest, groin, or arm to give fluids, blood, or medications or to do medical tests quickly.

How many types of central lines are there?

Three common types of CVC are a tunnelled central venous catheter, a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and a subcutaneous (implanted) port. Your doctor will recommend the type of CVC you should have based on your situation and how long the CVC may be needed.


The PICC (Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter) is the only CVC that is peripherally inserted in the arm. It is inserted just above the elbow and is guided around until it is just above the large vein of the heart, the Superior Vena Cava (SVC). The PICC is the most used CVC.

What is the difference between a CVC and PICC?

PICC stands for “peripherally inserted central-line catheter.” A CVC is identical to a PICC line, except it’s placed in the chest or neck. CVC stands for “central venous catheter.” A port is a catheter that’s implanted surgically under the skin on the chest.

What vein is used for a central line?

A central venous catheter is a thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a vein, usually below the right collarbone, and guided (threaded) into a large vein above the right side of the heart called the superior vena cava.

What is difference between PICC line and midline?

A PICC catheter is applied through a vein located in one arm. This is then guided along the larger vein to your chest. On the other hand, a midline catheter is inserted through the upper arm or the elbow region. PICC lines are longer than midline because of the regions that they pass through.

What are the three main types of CVADs?

Three types of central venous access devices (CVADs) are routinely used in the delivery of intravenous systemic anticancer therapy (SACT): peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), subcutaneously tunnelled central catheters (Hickman-type devices) and totally implantable chest wall ports (Ports).

What is CVADs?

Central venous access devices (CVADs) or central venous catheters (CVCs) are devices that are inserted into the body through a vein to enable the administration of fluids, blood products, medication and other therapies to the bloodstream.

Which CVAD can be used for dialysis?

Remember, both CVCs and PICCs can be used for administering medicine and drawing blood, but only a CVC can be used for dialysis treatment.

What is the most common complication of Cvad?

Infection is perhaps the most prevalent, yet preventable, CVAD complication. Infections may be localized at the CVAD site or be systemic.

What is a Hickman line in medical terms?

What is a Hickman line? A Hickman line is a long, hollow tube that is inserted into a vein in your chest. It is used to give treatments such as chemotherapy, antibiotics and intravenous fluids. It can also be used to take blood samples.


Your Central Venous Access Device (CVAD) includes your Hickman or PICC.

What does PICC line stand for?

Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). A PICC is a thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a vein in the upper arm and guided (threaded) into a large vein above the right side of the heart called the superior vena cava. It is used to give intravenous fluids, blood transfusions, chemotherapy, and other drugs.

What is the difference between Hickman line and PICC line?

A Hickman catheter is used for taking and giving blood, and giving medicines that need a larger vein (such as chemotherapy), and other fluids. Patients who receive stem cell transplants often have a Hickman catheter. A PICC catheter is a small, soft tube inserted in your arm.

What is the difference between a Hickman and Groshong catheter?

Groshong catheters are a type of central venous catheter, which are placed under direct fluoroscopic visualization in an angiography suite. They can be tunneled or non-tunneled and are similar to a Hickman catheter, with the main difference being that Groshong catheters have a three-way valve at its tip.