Types of inguinal hernia
What are the 3 types of hernias?
Read on to learn more about the three most common hernias.
- Abdominal hernia. Abdominal hernias develop in the area above your groin and below your ribcage. …
- Groin hernia. …
- Incisional hernia.
Which type of inguinal hernia is the commonest?
An indirect inguinal hernia is the most common type. It often occurs in premature births, before the inguinal canal becomes closed off. However, this type of hernia can occur at any time during your life.
What are the 5 types of hernias?
A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue called fascia. The most common types of hernia are inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), and hiatal (upper stomach).
What are the types of indirect inguinal hernia?
Inguinal hernias are further subdivided into direct and indirect. An indirect hernia occurs when abdominal contents protrude through the internal inguinal ring and into the inguinal canal. This occurs lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels. The hernia contents may extend into the scrotum.
What is the best treatment for inguinal hernia?
Surgery is the only way to fix an inguinal hernia. The doctor will push the bulging tissue back inside and strengthen your abdominal wall with stitches and perhaps mesh. They might be able to do this through a small cut in your belly using a special tool, a procedure called laparoscopy.
What type of hernias need surgery?
When might I need emergency surgery? Seek immediate medical attention if there are signs that your hernia has become stuck or strangulated, which can be life-threatening and usually requires emergency surgery. Signs of this condition include: A hernia bulge that is suddenly larger than before.
What is the difference between a direct inguinal hernia and an indirect inguinal hernia?
There are two types of inguinal hernias: Direct: Develops over time due to straining and is caused by weakness in the abdominal muscles. Most common in adult males and rare in children. Indirect: Caused by a defect in the abdominal wall that will typically have been present since birth.
How can you tell the difference between a direct and indirect hernia?
A direct inguinal hernia shows a bulge from the posterior wall of the inguinal canal, whereas an indirect inguinal hernia passes through the inguinal canal or the groin. In the indirect inguinal canal, it is difficult to feel the defect as it occurs behind the external oblique muscle fibers.
Are inguinal hernias common?
Inguinal hernias are relatively common. Researchers estimate that about 27 percent of men and 3 percent of women will develop an inguinal hernia at some point in their lives.
What is the main cause of inguinal hernia?
Some inguinal hernias have no apparent cause. Others might occur as a result of: Increased pressure within the abdomen. A preexisting weak spot in the abdominal wall.
Which hernia is most likely to strangulate?
Whilst strangulation is a relatively rare complication of hernias it can occur with any type of hernia. Strangulation risk is probably greatest with femoral hernias.
What happens if a inguinal hernia is left untreated?
If hernia is left untreated, the size of protruding intestine might get bigger and become strangulated leading to the reduction of blood flow to surrounding tissue.
Which hernia has highest risk of strangulation?
Incarceration of inguinal hernia occurs in approximately 10% of cases which in turn can lead to intestinal obstruction, strangulation and infarction. Among these complications, strangulation is the most serious with potentially lethal sequelae.
What are the signs of a serious hernia?
5 Signs of a Severe Hernia
- Sudden or worsening pain. Some hernias cause pain or sensations like aching, heaviness, or weakness. …
- Hernia bulge changing color. The lump caused by a hernia is typically the color of your skin. …
- Nausea or vomiting. …
- Fever. …
How long can I wait for hernia surgery?
Many people are able to delay surgery for months or even years. And some people may never need surgery for a small hernia. If the hernia is small and you don’t have any symptoms, or if the symptoms don’t bother you much, you and your doctor may simply continue to watch for symptoms to occur.
What type of hernia does not need surgery?
You may be able to wait to have surgery if: Your hernia goes away when you lie down, or you can push it back into your belly. This is called a reducible hernia. It’s small, and causes few — or no — symptoms (these may never need surgery)
How long can you live with inguinal hernia?
Based on epidemiological data, approximately 20% of patients with a painless inguinal hernia will live many years prior to worsening symptoms or urgent need for surgery. The reason to fix the hernia is increasing discomfort, pain, or hernia enlargement (surgery will end these symptoms).
How do I know if my hernia needs surgery?
You may have a hernia if you have swelling and a bulge that is able to be “pushed back” into your abdomen. If it continues to grow, you will need to have hernia surgery in order to repair it.
- Intensifying pain.
- A bulge that turns red or purple.
What is the success rate of inguinal hernia surgery?
Reports of 90 – 99% success rates are common. Mesh repairs, in many cases, offer a smaller chance of hernia recurrence rate than non-mesh repairs. Unfortunately, some repairs may lead to very high incidence of chronic pain, which can range from 5-15%. The key is to find a surgeon that performs a lot of hernia surgery.
What is the average size of an inguinal hernia?
Table 2. Type of hernia (No.) The mean length of the inguinal canal in a direct hernia was 5.66 ± 0.5 cm whereas the mean length in an indirect inguinal hernia was 6.46 ± 0.8 cm.