What is a characteristic of acromegaly quizlet?
Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland: Adenohypophysis (adeno = gland) Characteristic of acromegaly: enlargement of extremities.
Which of the following is characteristic of tetany?
Tetany is a symptom characterized by the involuntary contraction of muscles that usually results from low calcium levels in the blood (i.e., hypocalcemia). Common symptoms of tetany include numbness around the mouth, muscle cramps, and paresthesias affecting the hands and feet.
What is acromegaly name the hormone responsible for this disorder?
Acromegaly occurs when the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone (GH) over a long period of time. The pituitary gland is a small gland at the base of your brain, behind the bridge of your nose. It produces GH and a number of other hormones. GH plays an important role in managing your physical growth.
Which of the following conditions is characterized by thyrotoxicosis hypersecretion of the thyroid gland?
Hyperthyroidism is a type of thyrotoxicosis. Hyperthyroidism happens specifically when your thyroid gland both produces and releases excess thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism is often called overactive thyroid. Thyrotoxicosis happens when you have too much thyroid hormone in your body in general.
What are the two classic signs of tetany?
Tetany can present in many ways. Common, mild signs of tetany include: Numbness around your mouth. Muscle spasms.
What is the most significant symptom of hypocalcemia?
Acute hypocalcemia can result in severe symptoms requiring hospitalization, whereas patients who gradually develop hypocalcemia are more likely to be asymptomatic. Symptoms of hypocalcemia most commonly include paresthesia, muscle spasms, cramps, tetany, circumoral numbness, and seizures.
What is the difference between Graves disease and thyrotoxicosis?
The main cause of thyrotoxicosis is hyperthyroidism, which is an overactivity of the thyroid gland resulting in it producing excess levels of thyroid hormones. If the hyperthyroidism is due to an autoimmune cause, it is called Graves’ disease.
What are early warning signs of thyroid problems?
The most common early warning signs of a thyroid problem include unexplained tiredness, constipation, dry skin, body temperature problems, weight gain, hoarseness, and mood imbalances. These symptoms may seem unrelated, but when taken together, can amount to thyroid concerns.
Can thyroid cause dizziness balance problems?
Is dizziness a symptom of a thyroid problem? Yes, dizziness is a symptom of a thyroid problem. Thyroid diseases³ or thyroid abnormalities sometimes manifest as dizziness. A high heart rate, shortness of breath, and lightheadedness are all possible symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Which fruit is good for thyroid?
Apples, pears, plums and citrus fruits are abundant with pectins, which help with detoxifying the body of mercury – one of the most critical metals that have been connected to thyroid problems.
What is the most common cause of thyrotoxicosis?
The most common cause of thyrotoxicosis is Graves’ disease, followed by toxic multinodular goiter (TMNG) and toxic adenoma (TA). Other causes include thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, painless thyroiditis, and gestational hyperthyroidism.
What is hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as?
Widely known by its eponym Graves ‘ disease, diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland is an autoimmune condition in which exce ss thyroid hormone production is unchecked by the normal feedback loop between the thyroid and the pituitary gland.
Is a hypertrophy of the thyroid gland resulting in an excessive secretion of the thyroid hormone?
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone.
What is another name for thyroid storm?
Thyroid storm, also known as thyrotoxic crisis, is an acute, life-threatening complication of hyperthyroidism. It is an exaggerated presentation of thyrotoxicosis.
What causes hyperplasia in thyroid?
Thyroid gland hyperplasia and enlargement (goiter) is most often caused by iodine deficiency.
What is thyroid hypoplasia?
Summary. Thyroid hypoplasia is a form of thyroid dysgenesis (see this term) characterized by incomplete development of the thyroid gland that results in primary congenital hypothyroidism (see this term), a permanent thyroid deficiency that is present from birth.