What is the main characteristics of action research?

Action research is a collaborative approach to working in schools by teachers committed to improving their teaching for the benefit of all students. For our purpose action research has these three key elements: operational or technical, collaboration, and critical reflection.

What are characteristics of classroom action research?

The characteristics of Classroom Action Research; inquiry, reflective and collaborative. The developing of these characteristics can be done through the following steps; (1) problems focus fixation, (2) action planning, (3) actions, (4) observation, (5) reflection, (6) following-up plans.

What are the elements of action research?

Elements of Action Research
  • Project Information.
  • Clear Goals.
  • Adequate Preparation.
  • Appropriate Methods.
  • Significant Results.
  • Reflective Critque.
  • Effective Presentation.

What are the core characteristics of action research according to Titchen?

Action hypotheses are tested and refined through the action research spirals to create tentative principles for action. These tentative principles are then refined through reflection, reflexivity, critical dialogue, debate and contestation with others (Titchen, 2000).

What are the 3 types of action research?

[2] Generally, action researches can be divided into three categories: positivist, interpretive and critical. Positivist approach to action research, also known as ‘classical action research’ perceives research as a social experiment.

What is the importance of action research?

Broadly speaking, action research enables researchers to develop a systematic, inquiring approach toward their own practices (Frabutt et al., 2008) oriented towards effecting positive change in this practice (Holter & Frabutt, 2012), or within a broader community (Mills, 2011).

What are the two main types of action research?

(2006) also suggests two main types of action research: critical action research and practical action research. Critical action research is action research in which the goal is liberating individuals through knowledge gathering; for this reason, it is also known as emancipatory action research.

What is concept of action research?

Action research is a form of collective, self‐reflective inquiry that participants in social situations undertake to improve: (1) the rationality and justice of their own social or educational practices; (2) the participants’ understanding of these practices and the situations in which they carry out these practices.

What is a classroom-based action research?

Classroom-based action research (CBAR) typically involves teachers conducting collaborative, evidence-based investigations into their own classroom routines and relationships with a view to understanding and improving the quality and justice of their practices in the classroom.

What is classroom action research?

Classroom Action Research (CAR) is a reflective process in which instructors gather empirical data to improve their teaching practices.

What are the characteristics of quality literature suitable for action research?

Quality, goodness, validity, trustworthiness, credibility, and workability have all been suggested as terms to describe criteria for good action research. Positivists have tended to prefer validity (Campbell & Stanley, 1963) and naturalistic researchers have preferred trustworthiness (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).

What is the purpose of action research in education?

The goal of action research is to understand what is happening in a specific district/school/classroom and to determine what might improve student learning in that setting.

What is the importance of action research?

Action research generates knowledge around inquiry in practical educational contexts. Action research allows educators to learn through their actions with the purpose of developing personally or professionally. Due to its participatory nature, the process of action research is also distinct in educational research.

What are the advantages of action research?

The advantages of action research will have become clear. It allows the researcher to work on a problem, not only yielding answers to the problem but also informing theory. It empowers participants, enables change, and creates opportunities for organisational learning. It yields rich data from multiple sources.

What are the problems in action research?

16.5: The Challenges of Action Research
  • Insuring privacy of the student.
  • Gaining informed consent.
  • Insuring freedom to participate.

What is the scope of action research?

Scope of Action Research

Action research is focused on immediate application, not on the development of a theory, not upon general application. It has placed its emphasis on a problem here and now in a local setting. Many Action Research projects are carried out in a classroom by a single teacher.

What are the four stages of action research?

1. The cyclical and iterative action research process comprises four stages: planning, acting, develop- ing, and reflecting.