What are 3 difficulties that people with Down’s syndrome face?

Hearing and vision weakness. Fine motor skill impairment due to low muscle tone. Weak auditory memory. Short attention span and distractibility.

Why does Down’s syndrome affect facial features?

The most common live-born human aneuploidy is trisomy 21, which causes Down syndrome (DS). Dosage imbalance of genes on chromosome 21 (Hsa21) affects complex gene-regulatory interactions and alters development to produce a wide range of phenotypes, including characteristic facial dysmorphology.

What are 5 characteristics of Down syndrome?

The characteristics of Down syndrome include low muscle tone, short stature, a flat nasal bridge, and a protruding tongue. People with Down syndrome have a higher risk of some conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy.

Can you tell if someone has Down syndrome by looking at them?

Common physical signs of Down syndrome include1,2: Decreased or poor muscle tone. Short neck, with excess skin at the back of the neck. Flattened facial profile and nose.

Can you be slightly Down syndrome?

Down syndrome symptoms vary from person to person and can range from mild to severe. No matter how severe the condition is, people with Down syndrome have a widely-recognized appearance. The head may be smaller than normal and abnormally shaped.

Why do people with Down’s syndrome look similar?

Why do people with Down syndrome look the same? They have similar features due to extra genetic material that affects growth of the maxilla (part of the skull) and the bone, cartilage, and connective tissue in the head, known as the cranial neural crest.

What are the 4 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21 (nondisjunction), translocation and mosaicism. Trisomy 21 (nondisjunction) accounts for 95% of known cases of Down syndrome.

Can someone with Down syndrome have normal intelligence?

Most individuals with Down syndrome have mild (IQ: 50–69) or moderate (IQ: 35–50) intellectual disability with some cases having severe (IQ: 20–35) difficulties. Those with mosaic Down syndrome typically have IQ scores 10–30 points higher than that.

What causes dysmorphic facial features?

A dysmorphic feature is an abnormal difference in body structure. It can be an isolated finding in an otherwise normal individual, or it can be related to a congenital disorder, genetic syndrome or birth defect. Dysmorphology is the study of dysmorphic features, their origins and proper nomenclature.

Does Down syndrome always affect appearance?

It varies, but people with Down syndrome often share certain physical traits. For facial features, they may have: Eyes shaped like almonds (may be shaped in a way that’s not typical for their ethnic group) Flatter faces, especially the nose.

Why do Down syndrome stick out tongue?

Because of the extra copy of chromosome 21, he has a few physical characteristics that define his condition. He has an enlarged tongue, which, in turn, forces him to keep his mouth open in a resting position most of the time.

Why do people with Down syndrome have thin hair?

Several autoimmune diseases are more prevalent in people with Down syndrome (DS) including alopecia areata, a chronic immunological disorder that targets hair follicles and causes hair loss. When a person has alopecia areata, their body produces antibodies which attack healthy hair follicles.

Can Down syndrome people have normal intelligence?

The average IQ of a young adult with Down syndrome is 50, equivalent to the mental ability of an eight- or nine-year-old child, but this can vary widely.
Down syndrome
SymptomsDelayed physical growth, characteristic facial features, mild to moderate intellectual disability
Usual onsetBefore birth
DurationLife long

What are the behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome?

Common learning and behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome include:
  • Delays in speech and language development.
  • Attention problems.
  • Sleep difficulties.
  • Stubbornness and tantrums.
  • Delays in cognition.
  • Delayed toilet training.

What are the positives of having Down syndrome?

A number of developmental researchers have identified that children with Down syndrome have a strength in early social development, particularly being interested in, relating to and interacting with people.

What is lifespan of Down syndrome?

Over 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome in the United States each year. As recently as 1983, a person with Down syndrome lived to be only 25 years old on average. Today, the average life expectancy of a person with Down syndrome is nearly 60 years and continuing to climb.