What are the clinical signs of an eclamptic fit?

During an eclamptic fit, the mother’s arms, legs, neck or jaw will twitch involuntarily in repetitive, jerky movements. She may lose consciousness and may wet herself. The fits usually last less than a minute.

What are the four stages of eclamptic fits?

The four phases of seizure are:
  • Prodromal.
  • Early ictal (the “aura”)
  • Ictal.
  • Postictal.

What is the most common symptom presenting prior to eclampsia?

A study by Cooray et al found that the most common symptoms that immediately precede eclamptic seizures are neurologic symptoms (ie, headache, with or without visual disturbance), regardless of degree of hypertension.

What are the 3 hallmark signs and symptoms of preeclampsia?

Signs and symptoms include nausea and vomiting, headache, upper right belly pain, and a general feeling of illness or being unwell. Sometimes, it develops suddenly, even before high blood pressure is detected. It also may develop without any symptoms. Eclampsia.

What is an eclampsia seizure?

Eclampsia is pregnancy-related seizure activity that is caused by severe pre-eclampsia. Less than 1% of women who have pre-eclampsia experience seizures. Eclampsia is life-threatening for both a mother and her fetus. During a seizure, the oxygen supply to the fetus is drastically reduced.

What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?

Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.

What are the types of eclampsia?

Eclampsia has been traditionally divided in three types: antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum. Several authors consider two more subtypes, early cases and intercurrent eclampsia.

What is clonic phase?

During the clonic phase:

Your limbs jerk quickly and rhythmically. You may lose control of your bladder and/or bowels. Your breathing may be affected, causing a blue tinge around your mouth.

What happens during the tonic phase of a seizure?

A tonic seizure causes a sudden stiffness or tension in the muscles of the arms, legs or trunk. The stiffness lasts about 20 seconds and is most likely to happen during sleep. Tonic seizures that occur while the person is standing may cause them to fall. After the seizure, the person may feel tired or confused.

What is the nursing management of eclampsia?

The overall management of preeclampsia includes supportive treatment with antihypertensives and anti-epileptics until definitive treatment – delivery. In preeclampsia without severe features, patients are often induced after 37 weeks gestation after with or without corticosteroids to accelerate lung maturity.

What are the 4 types of seizures?

There are four main types of epilepsy: focal, generalized, combination focal and generalized, and unknown. A person’s seizure type determines what kind of epilepsy they have.

Generalized epilepsy
  • jerking movements.
  • weakness or limp limbs.
  • tense, rigid muscles.
  • muscle twitching.
  • full-body epileptic spasms.

What are the 3 signs of a clonic tonic seizure?

What is a tonic-clonic seizure?
  • All the muscles stiffen.
  • Air being forced past the vocal cords causes a cry or groan.
  • The person loses consciousness and falls to the floor.
  • A person may bite their tongue or inside of their cheek. If this happens, saliva may look a bit bloody.

What are the 6 types of seizures?

6 Different Types of Seizures
  • Simple Focal Seizures. Simple focal seizures occur for a short amount of time – typically lasting less than one minute. …
  • Complex Focal Seizure. …
  • Absence Seizure. …
  • Atonic Seizure. …
  • Tonic-Clonic Seizure. …
  • Myoclonic Seizure.

How do you identify a seizure?

These words are used to describe generalized seizures:
  1. Tonic: Muscles in the body become stiff.
  2. Atonic: Muscles in the body relax.
  3. Myoclonic: Short jerking in parts of the body.
  4. Clonic: Periods of shaking or jerking parts on the body.

What is the most common type of seizure?

Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures — Also known as a convulsion, this is the most common and easily recognized kind of generalized seizure.

Why do pupils dilate during seizure?

Pupil diameter is typically enlarged after brain damage or sympathetic nervous activation. Adequate seizure induction using ECT could induce pupillary enlargement immediately after electrical stimulation.

What are the two main types of seizures?

Tonic-clonic seizures

tonic stage – you lose consciousness, your body goes stiff, and you may fall to the floor. clonic stage – your limbs jerk about, you may lose control of your bladder or bowel, you may bite your tongue or the inside of your cheek, and you might have difficulty breathing.