What are the characteristics and uses of iron?

A shiny, greyish metal that rusts in damp air. Iron is an enigma – it rusts easily, yet it is the most important of all metals. 90% of all metal that is refined today is iron. Most is used to manufacture steel, used in civil engineering (reinforced concrete, girders etc) and in manufacturing.

What is characteristics of iron ore?

The iron ores were classi- fied into hard massive, flaky-friable, blue dust and lateritic ores (Table 1). The hard massive ores are grey in colour and lumpy in nature and are partly laminated. Bulk density of these ores varies between 2.1 and 2.9 and the specific gravity ranges from 3.4 to 4.7.

What are four properties of iron?

What are the properties of iron? Iron is a metal which is lustrous, ductile, malleable, silver-gray (periodic table group VIII).

What type of metal is iron?

Iron (/ˈaɪərn/) is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from Latin: ferrum) and atomic number 26. It is a metal that belongs to the first transition series and group 8 of the periodic table.

What is the significance of iron?

Iron is a mineral that the body needs for growth and development. Your body uses iron to make hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body, and myoglobin, a protein that provides oxygen to muscles. Your body also needs iron to make some hormones.

What is iron ore?

What is iron ore? Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be extracted. There are four main types of iron ore deposit: massive hematite, which is the most commonly mined, magnetite, titanomagnetite, and pisolitic ironstone.

What is iron ore used for?

Iron ore is the source of primary iron for the world’s iron and steel industries. It is therefore essential for the production of steel, which in turn is essential to maintain a strong industrial base. Almost all (98%) iron ore is used in steelmaking. Iron ore is mined in about 50 countries.

What is composition of iron ore?

The most widely distributed iron-bearing minerals are oxides, and iron ores consist mainly of hematite (Fe2O3), which is red; magnetite (Fe3O4), which is black; limonite or bog-iron ore (2Fe2O3·3H2O), which is brown; and siderite (FeCO3), which is pale brown.

Which type of resource is iron ore?

Iron ore is a non-renewable mineral resource.

Where is iron found?

The minerals goethite, hematite (ferric oxide), lepidocrocite, magnetite (iron oxide) and siderite (iron carbonate) are all mined for iron. The largest concentrations are in iron-rich sedimentary rocks, and such deposits are mined in Australia, Brazil, China, India, and Russia.

Where is iron formed?

Nearly all the earth’s iron comes from ore deposits in rocks formed more than 1.8 billion years ago. These began forming when the first organisms capable of photosynthesis began releasing oxygen into the world’s oceans, which combined with dissolved iron to produce haematite or magnetite.

What is the older name of iron?

The Latin name for iron is ferrum, which is the source of its atomic symbol, Fe. The word iron is from an Anglo-Saxon word, iren.

How strong is iron?

Strength of Iron

In fact, pure iron has a yield strength of around 7250 psi, while steel is never below 30,000 psi and usually closer to 50,000 psi. However, iron is a very strong metal, and that’s why it’s such a crucial part of the makeup of steel.

Why is iron the most important metal?

In modern society iron is the most important of all metals, as it is used to craft different types of steel which is used in a diverse array of applications. Steel is used to make paperclips, skyscrapers, and everything in between. Iron is also an important element in plant and animal life.

How is iron produced?

Iron is produced by reduction of iron ore, which is often a mixture of oxides, using carbon, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen. While the blast furnace is the dominant reduction process other technologies are emerging which operate on a smaller scale.

What is strongest metal on earth?


Tungsten, which is Swedish for “heavy stone,” is the strongest metal in the world. It was identified as a new element in 1781.

What is the top 5 strongest metal?

The five strongest metals
  • Osmium. One of the less well-known metals on the list, osmium is a bluish white colour, extremely tough and has a melting point of 3030 degrees celsius. …
  • Steel. …
  • Chromium. …
  • Titanium. …
  • Tungsten.