What is characteristic of Stage 2 of the Demographic Transition Model?
Stage 2 of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) is characterized by a rapid decrease in a country’s death rate while the birth rate remains high. As such, the total population of a country in Stage 2 will rise because births outnumber deaths, not because the birth rate is rising.
Which countries are in Stage 1 of the Demographic Transition Model?
No official country in the world is currently in stage 1. There may be small communities of humans that are in stage 1 of the DTM. Some Indigenous groups in the Amazon or Sub-Saharan Africa that are in stage one, but not all pre-contact Indigenous peoples have high birth rates and high death rates.
What happens in the first stage of demographic transition?
The first stage of the demographic transition is the pre-industrial stage. During this stage, the population is stable, with both high birth rates and high death rates. The death rates are high because there is increased disease, minimal medical care, poor sanitation, and limited food supplies.
What are the characteristics of demographic transition?
In demography, demographic transition is a phenomenon and theory which refers to the historical shift from high birth rates and high death rates in societies with minimal technology, education (especially of women) and economic development, to low birth rates and low death rates in societies with advanced technology, …
Why does the death rate fluctuate in Stage 1?
Answer. C. The death rate fluctuates as there is little medication or access to a steady food supply. The death rate declines rapidly as people gain access to medical vaccines, e.g. MMR, family planning methods improve and food supply increases.
Why is the death rate high and fluctuating in stage one of the demographic transition model?
In Stage 1 (Figure 3.4. 1), both birth rates and death rates are high. The high death rates are because of disease and potential food scarcity. A country in Stage 1 of the demographic transition model does not have good health care; there may not be any hospitals or doctors.
What are the 4 types of demographic transition?
The demographic transition model was initially proposed in 1929 by demographer Warren Thompson. The model has four stages: pre-industrial, urbanizing/industrializing, mature industrial, and post-industrial.
What are the characteristics of the fourth stage of transition?
The fourth stage of demographic transition is characterised by a low birth rate and a low death rate of population, leading to a stationary population.
What are the 5 stages of the demographic transition model?
The Demographic Transition Model
- Stage 1: High Population Growth Potential.
- Stage 2: Population Explosion.
- Stage 3: Population Growth Starts to Level Off.
- Stage 4: Stationary Population.
- Stage 5: Further Changes in Birth Rates.
- Summarizing the Stages.
What countries are in stage 2 of demographic transition?
Example: poorest developing countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bolivia, sub-Saharan countries such as Niger, Uganda and middle east countries like Yemen, Palestinian Territories are still in stage 2. Birth rate falls due to the availability of contraception.
What countries are in stage 3?
Stage 3 offers plenty of opportunities for the population to create a strong economy, with many able citizens of working age to contribute to society’s overall goals. Modern countries currently in Stage 3 include Columbia, India, Jamaica, Botswana, Mexico, Kenya, South Africa, and the UAE.
What stage of demographic transition is the US in?
Examples of countries in Stage 4 of the Demographic Transition are Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, Brazil, most of Europe, Singapore, South Korea, and the U.S.
What stage of the DTM is Japan in?
Possible examples of Stage 5 countries are Croatia, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Japan, Portugal and Ukraine.
What is Stage 4 demographic transition?
In Stage 4, birth and death rates are both low, stabilizing the population. These countries tend to have stronger economies, higher levels of education, better healthcare, a higher proportion of working women, and a fertility rate hovering around two children per woman. Most developed countries are in Stage 4.
Is any country in Stage 1?
Stage 1 of the Demographic Transition Model is considered the pre-industrial stage, or pre-transition, and today no countries are classified within Stage 1 of the DTM. This is quite a feat given that for all of human history up until the 18th Century, all countries were considered within Stage 1.
What is Stage 5 of DTM?
Stage 5: Total population is still high but starting to decline due to the birth rate falling (to 7 per 1,000) below the death rate (9 per 1,000). The population will start to fall as it is no longer replacing itself. The population is ageing and will gradually be dominated by older people.
What is Stage 3 of the demographic transition?
In Stage 3 of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM), death rates are low and birth rates decrease, usually as a result of improved economic conditions, an increase in women’s status and education, and access to contraception.
What is a Stage 5 country?
What Is Stage 5 DTM? In a country classified as Stage 5 in the DTM model, the population is usually high, but there are signs of a declining population. Usually, the birth rate will fall quickly in these countries and cannot keep up with the number of deaths.