What is the scientific classification of cowpea?

Which type of plant is cowpea?

cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world.

What is the family of cowpea?

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) belongs to the family Fabaceae (Leguminosae is also used as the family name with Papilionoideae as the subfamily), genus Vigna, and section Catiang (Verdcourt, 1970; Maréchal, Mascherpa and Stainier, 1978) (Table 5.1).

What are the main types of cowpea?

Cowpeas are classified into five cultivar-groups: biflora, melanophthalmus, sesquipedalis, textilis and unguiculata (Pasquet, 2000). Among the cultivated crop plants, the cowpea is one of the most variable species in terms of its plant growth, morphology, maturity and grain1 types (Singh, 2014).

Is cowpea a herb?

Cowpea is botanically classified as an annual herb. It demonstrates a wide range of growth habits, ranging from prostrate to erect; can be spreading, climbing, or bushy; and can be determinate or indeterminate.

Are cowpeas a vine?

Planting Cowpea

Whether you eat its seeds or not, cowpea looks great in the garden. It’s a climbing vine with attractive leaves—each divided into three leaflets—and lavender-purple flowers throughout the summer. Because cowpea is a heat-loving vine, it will grow on trellises, up arbors, and over teepees.

What are the importance of cowpeas?

Importance. Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and intercropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions.

What are the functions of cowpea?

Cowpea has medicine properties, including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties [10, 42]. The therapeutic (or health) benefit of cowpea is principally attributed to its high protein, carbohydrate content as well as essential amino acids [54].

Is cowpea Epigeal or Hypogeal?

Legumes expressing epigeal emergence were cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), mung bean (Vigna radiata) and soybean (Glycine max Merr.), while Austrian winter pea (Pisum sativum var. arvense (L.) Poir), field pea (Pisum arvense) and lentil (Lens culinaris) expressed hypogeal emergence.

Is cowpea a monocot or dicot?

Dicotyledonous plants: These are plants with two seed leaves or cotyledons e.g. cowpea, mango, citrus, cashew groundnuts, tomatoes, kola, mango etc.

Is cowpea a vegetable?

Unlike other legumes, cowpea can be consumed at different stages in its development: fresh green leaves, dry leaves, green pods, green beans, or dry grain. The most popular—or at least most common—is the last. Pods The immature seeds and the immature seed pods are boiled and eaten as a vegetable.

Is cowpeas a cover crop?

Cowpeas have long been grown in the Southern region and are a useful summer legume cover crop. They are fast growing with a long tap root that is excellent for erosion control. They are heat and drought tolerant legumes that are adapted to a range of soils, but do not do well in very wet conditions.

What are examples of monocots?

Monocotyledon/Lower classifications

What is an example of dicot?

Dicotyledon/Lower classifications

What are the examples of monocot and dicot seeds?

Legumes (pea, beans, lentils, peanuts) daisies, mint, lettuce, tomato and oak are examples of dicots. Grains, (wheat, corn, rice, millet) lilies, daffodils, sugarcane, banana, palm, ginger, onions, bamboo, sugar, cone, palm tree, banana tree, and grass are examples of plants that are monocots.