What is an agroforestry system?

Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits. It has been practiced in the United States and around the world for centuries.

What are 2 agroforestry practices?

The five practices are windbreaks, riparian forest buffers, alley cropping, silvopasture and forest farming. A variety of USDA programs promote and support the use of agroforestry practices. A variety of USDA programs promotes and supports the use of agroforestry practices.

What are the three types of Taungya system?

Types of Taungya
  • Departmental Taungya: Under this, agricultural crops and plantations are raised by the forest department. …
  • Leased Taungya: The forest land is given on lease to the person who affects the highest money for raising Agril. …
  • Village Taungya: This is the most successful of all the three Taungya systems.

How many types of agroforestry systems are prevalent in India?

There are three main types of agroforestry systems: Agrisilvicultural systems are a combination of crops and trees, such as alley cropping or homegardens. Silvopastoral systems combine forestry and grazing of domesticated animals on pastures, rangelands or on-farm.

Who is the father of agroforestry?

Agroforestry was formally outlined in the early 20th century by American economic geographer J. Russell Smith in his book Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture (1929). Smith viewed tree-based “permanent agriculture” as a solution to the destructive erosion that often followed the cultivation of sloping lands.

What are the characteristics of agroforestry system?

These four key characteristics – intentional, intensive, interactive and integrated – are the essence of agroforestry and are what distinguish it from other farming or forestry practices.

What are the 4 classification of agroforestry?

a) Homestead agroforestry: Production of MPTs in homestead. b) Forestland agroforestry: Production of crops in the vacant spaces of the forest. c) Crop-farm-forestry: Production of crops and trees in the crop land. d) Fish-farm-forestry: Production of fishes and trees in the fish farm.

Why agroforestry is considered as a sustainable practice?

Agroforestry is an environmentally-friendly land use system where numerous interactions among trees with crops, livestock and other living organisms (incl. plants) happen. Due to the presence of trees on farmed lands, agroforestry systems host biodiversity of native species of plants and wildlife.

What is agroforestry short answer?

Agro-forestry is the raising of trees and agriculture crops on the same land inclusive of the waste patches. It combines forestry with agriculture, thus, altering the simultaneous production of food, fodder, fuel, timber and fruit.

What are the major components of agroforestry?

The components of the dominant agroforestry system (AFS) practiced by the farmers are mainly woody perennials (forest and fruit trees) and agricultural crops (rice, vegetables, tobacco) with grass in fallow areas.

What is the role of agroforestry?

Agroforestry systems can provide a range of environmental services. For example, they can improve soil fertility, protect crops and livestock from wind, restore degraded lands, improve water conservation, limit pests and prevent soil erosion.

What is the importance of agro forestry?

Agroforestry practices provide opportunities for landowners – both large and small – to diversify their production systems in order to be more profitable and to mitigate risk – all the while, enhancing their environmental stewardship, and benefitting their neighbors and nearby communities and towns.

What are the challenges of agroforestry?

Farmers are facing a number of challenges in tree planting including lack of seedlings and money, limited knowledge in tree planting and lack of training as the main challenges they are facing.

What are the examples of agroforestry?

Agroforestry integrates trees, shrubs, and crops in a system that functions well together — it covers over 1 billion hectares of land worldwide and its best known examples include shade grown coffee and chocolate.

What is the main criteria of good agroforestry systems?

A good agroforestry design should fulfill the following criteria: i) Productivity: There are many different ways to improve productivity with agroforestry viz., increased output of tree products, improved yields of associated crops, reduction of cropping system inputs, increased labour efficiency, diversification of …

What are the social benefits of agroforestry?

The agroforestry has brought improvement in socio-economic and ecological conditions of farmers by generating employment, increasing family income, enhancing the crop diversity and reducing dependency on natural forest.