What are the classification of antidote?

Antidotes developed for treatment of nerve agent intoxication can be divided into two types: prophylaxis, as pre-exposure administration of antidotes; and postexposure treatment, consisting of anticholinergic drugs, AChE reactivators, and anticonvulsants.

What are antidotes classify antidotes with examples?

Atropine, used in organophosphorus poisoning, is an example of an antidote that is used to counter and mitigate the several muscarinic effect of the poison. Several vitamins are used to directly antagonize the effect of a drug or toxin.

What is Adjunctival antidote?

Drugs such as atropine and magnesium are used to counteract the end-organ effects in organophosphorus poisoning. Vitamins such as vitamin K, folic acid and pyridoxine are used to antagonise the effects of warfarin, methotrexate and INH respectively in the setting of toxicity or overdose.

What is the most common antidote?

The most commonly used include activated charcoal, acetylcysteine, naloxone, sodium bicarbonate, atropine, flumazenil, therapeutic antibodies and various vitamins. Most antidotes are of low toxicity, but serious adverse effects can result from excessive use, as well as from inadequate doses.

What are universal antidotes?

noun. uni·​ver·​sal antidote ˌyü-ni-ˌvər-səl- : an antidote for ingested poisons having activated charcoal as its principal ingredient.

What are physical antidotes?

5.1 Mechanical or Physical Antidotes

These are the substances that neutralize the poison and they also help stop the absorption of poison in the body. They are further sub-grouped as following based on their functions; a) Activated charcoal. b) Demulcents. c) Bulky food.

What is use of antidotes?

An antidote is a substance that can counteract a form of poisoning. The term ultimately derives from the Greek term φάρμακον ἀντίδοτον (pharmakon) antidoton, “(medicine) given as a remedy”. Antidotes for anticoagulants are sometimes referred to as reversal agents.

What is the antidote of aspirin?

In addition to alkalinizing the bloodstream, sodium bicarbonate helps to alkalinize the urine and promote aspirin elimination by the kidney.

What is antidote of atropine?

The antidote to atropine is physostigmine or pilocarpine. A common mnemonic used to describe the physiologic manifestations of atropine overdose is: “hot as a hare, blind as a bat, dry as a bone, red as a beet, and mad as a hatter”.

What are the classification of poison?

Poisons can be classified according to whether the chemical is metallic versus nonmetallic, organic versus inorganic, or acidic versus alkaline.

What is antidote in homeopathy?

antidote – a substance, or a remedy, that counteracts the effect of a homeopathic remedy. High temperatures are thought to antidote remedies. Mint is said to be an antidote of Natrum muriaticum.

What is the antidote of paracetamol?

Intravenous acetylcysteine is the antidote to treat paracetamol overdose and is virtually 100% effective in preventing liver damage when given within 8 hours of the overdose.

What is universal antidote give its formula?

u·ni·ver·sal an·ti·dote

a dated mixture of two parts activated charcoal, one part tannic acid, and one part magnesium oxide intended to be administered to patients who consumed poison. The mixture is ineffective and no longer used; activated charcoal is useful.

What is the antidote of Nux vomica?

Sulphur and Sepia are reported to be complementary to Nux-vom, while Coffea cruda and Zincum met are antidotal and inimical to Nux, respectively .

What is the antidote for aconite?

There is no specific antidote for aconite poisoning. In Ayurveda, dehydrated borax is mentioned for management of aconite poisoning. Aim of the study: The investigation evaluated antidotal effect of processed borax against acute and sub-acute toxicity, cardiac toxicity and neuro-muscular toxicity caused by raw aconite.

What is the use of Sulphur in homeopathy?

SBL Sulphur Dilution is a homoeopathy medicine. It is made from sulphur springs suitable for skin ailments such as pain, redness, burning, and inflammation. It is from the mineral kingdom. It is also beneficial in the treatment of stomach disorders like acidity and gastric issues.

What is the antidote of bryonia?

BRYONIA ALBA.

Antidotes: Aconite, Alumin., Calc, Camph., Chamomilla, Chelidonium, Chlorum, Cinchona, Clem., Coff, Fragaria, Ignatia, Merc, Murex ac, Nux v., Pulsatilla, Rhus, Seneg.

What is the antidote for Arnica?

4,5 There is no antidote to Arnica toxicity and treatment is supportive.