What are the types of biological effects of radiation?
Biological Effects of Exposure to Radiation. Radiation can harm either the whole body (somatic damage) or eggs and sperm (genetic damage). Its effects are more pronounced in cells that reproduce rapidly, such as the stomach lining, hair follicles, bone marrow, and embryos.
What are the classification of radiation?
There are four major types of radiation: alpha, beta, neutrons, and electromagnetic waves such as gamma rays. They differ in mass, energy and how deeply they penetrate people and objects.
What are the three levels of biologic effects of radiation on humans?
Consequently, biological effects of radiation on living cells may result in three outcomes: (1) injured or damaged cells repair themselves, resulting in no residual damage; (2) cells die, much like millions of body cells do every day, being replaced through normal biological processes; or (3) cells incorrectly repair …
What are 5 effects of radiation?
Here are a few common health effects or harmful effects of radiation on the human body.
- Hair. Loss of hair fall occurs when exposure to radiation is higher than 200 rems.
- Heart and Brain. Intense exposure to radiation from 1000 to 5000 rems will affect the functioning of the heart. …
- Thyroid. …
- Blood System. …
- Reproductive Tract.
What are the effects of radiation?
Radiation can damage the DNA in our cells. High doses of radiation can cause Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS) or Cutaneous Radiation Injuries (CRI). High doses of radiation could also lead to cancer later in life.
What are the 7 types of radiation?
The electromagnetic spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV) light, X-rays and gamma-rays.
What is biological effect?
Biological effects include allergic reactions, respiratory disorders, hypersensitivity diseases and infectious diseases and can be caused by a variety of contaminants and pollutants. ( Source: RRDA)
What are the 3 types of harmful radiation?
These include alpha, beta, and gamma radiation. Each radiation source is unique in the type of radiation it emits, and its risk to humans.
What are the 3 main types of radiation?
Radiation is energy, in the form of particles or electromagnetic rays, released from radioactive atoms. The three most common types of radiation are alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays.
What are the 3 main sources of radiation?
Natural background radiation comes from the following three sources: Cosmic Radiation. Terrestrial Radiation. Internal Radiation.
What are the 3 types of radiation and their symbols?
alpha particles (α) beta particles (β) gamma rays (γ)
What are 4 types of radiation from the sun?
Solar radiation includes visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared, radio waves, X-rays, and gamma rays.
What are the causes of radiation?
Sources of high-dose radiation
- An accident at a nuclear industrial facility.
- An attack on a nuclear industrial facility.
- Detonation of a small radioactive device.
- Detonation of a conventional explosive device that disperses radioactive material (dirty bomb)
- Detonation of a standard nuclear weapon.
What are 5 sources of radiation?
On this page
- Natural background radiation. Cosmic radiation. Terrestrial radiation. Inhalation. Ingestion.
- Artificial sources of radiation. Atmospheric testing. Medical sources. Industrial sources. Nuclear fuel cycle.
What are the six sources of radiation?
- Americium in Ionization Smoke Detectors.
- Microwave Ovens.
- Natural Radionuclides in Private Wells.
- Natural Radionuclides in Public Drinking Water.
- Radon in Homes, Schools and Buildings.
What is radiation examples?
Energy emitted from a source is generally referred to as radiation. Examples include heat or light from the sun, microwaves from an oven, X rays from an X-ray tube and gamma rays from radioactive elements.
What are long term effects of radiation damage?
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can cause long-term side effects to the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. These include: Hearing loss from high doses of chemotherapy, especially drugs like cisplatin (multiple brand names) Increased risk of stroke from high doses of radiation to the brain.
What are the effects of radiation on the environment?
UV radiation generates ground-level ozone (O3) and some particulate matter (PM, frequently called aerosol) that include nitrate, sulfate, and organic aerosols causing adverse effect on human health and the environment. UV promotes the formation of hydroxyl radicals that act as cleaning agents for troposphere.
What are the characteristics of radiation?
Radiation is energy that comes from a source and travels through space at the speed of light. This energy has an electric field and a magnetic field associated with it, and has wave-like properties. You could also call radiation “electromagnetic waves”.
What is radiation and name 4 examples?
visible light from a candle. x-rays from an x-ray machine. alpha particles emitted from the radioactive decay of uranium. sound waves from your stereo. microwaves from a microwave oven.