What classification is Chlamydia trachomatis?
What are the 3 types of Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. There are three main species of Chlamydia causing human infection: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae (also known as Chlamydophila pneumoniae), and Chlamydia psittacci.
What are the characteristics of Chlamydia trachomatis?
C. trachomatis is an obligate, aerobic, intracellular parasite of eukaryotic cells. It is a Gram-negative bacteria and has a coccoid or rod shape. It has a cytoplasmic membrane and outer membrane similar to Gram-negative bacteria (thus, it being classified as Gram-negative) but, it lacks a peptidoglycan cell wall.
What types of Chlamydia are there?
Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial cells. They include the genera Chlamydia (of which the type species is Chlamydia trachomatis) and Chlamydophila (eg, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila psittaci).
What are 5 symptoms of chlamydia?
If they do get symptoms, the most common include:
- pain when urinating.
- unusual vaginal discharge.
- pain in the tummy or pelvis.
- pain during sex.
- bleeding after sex.
- bleeding between periods.
What bacteria causes Chlamydia trachomatis?
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.
Where did Chlamydia trachomatis come from?
The origins of both sexually transmitted and ocular C. trachomatis are unclear, but it seems likely that they evolved with humans and shared a common ancestor with environmental chlamydiae some 700 million years ago. Subsequently, evolution within mammalian cells has been accompanied by radical reduction in the C.
What is life cycle of chlamydia?
Like other Chlamydia species, the C. trachomatis life cycle consists of two morphologically distinct life stages: elementary bodies and reticulate bodies. Elementary bodies are spore-like and infectious, whereas reticulate bodies are in the replicative stage and are seen only within host cells.
What are the prevention of chlamydia?
You can help to prevent the spread of chlamydia by: using a condom every time you have vaginal or anal sex. using a condom to cover the penis during oral sex. using a dam (a piece of thin, soft plastic or latex) to cover the female genitals during oral sex or when rubbing female genitals together. not sharing sex toys.
How long does chlamydia stay in the body?
Chlamydia typically goes away within 1 to 2 weeks. You should avoid sex during this time to prevent transmitting the disease. Your doctor may prescribe a one-dose medication or a medication you’ll take daily for about a week. If they prescribe a one-dose pill, you should wait 7 days before having sex again.
Why is chlamydia called the clap?
In the 1500s, this word referred to a rabbit’s nest; due to the active sex lives of rabbits, the name was picked up as a slang term for brothels, a place where people engaged in regular sex and could spread the disease easily. If you had the disease, you had “clapier bubo.” This was eventually shortened to “clap.”
How long can you have chlamydia before it causes damage?
Symptoms usually appear within one to three weeks after being infected and may be very mild. If not treated, chlamydia can lead to damage to the reproductive system. In women, chlamydial infection can spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), according to the CDC.
Can chlamydia come back on its own?
Thankfully, it’s also curable. But new research suggests that for some people, curing chlamydia doesn’t prevent reinfection, even if they’re not exposed to it again. Apparently the disease can live inside your gut, and reinfect you out of the blue.
What is another name for chlamydia?
Chlamydia, or more specifically a chlamydia infection, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
|Other names||Chlamydia infection|
|Pap smear showing C. trachomatis (H&E stain)|
|Specialty||Infectious disease, gynecology, urology|
What’s the nickname for chlamydia?
Slang: “the clam” “gooey stuff”
Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the country. It is caused by a bacterium known as Chlamydia trachomatis and is often without symptoms. Chlamydia is frequently diagnosed in teenagers and young adults.
Is chlamydia a virus or bacteria?
Bacterial infections include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Viral infections include human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes (HSV or herpes simplex virus), human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and Hepatitis B.
How is chlamydia diagnosed?
Laboratory tests can diagnose chlamydia. Your healthcare provider may ask you to provide a urine sample for testing, or they might use (or ask you to use) a cotton swab to get a vaginal sample.
How do you test for chlamydia?
- A urine test. A sample of your urine is analyzed in the laboratory for presence of this infection.
- A swab. For women, your doctor takes a swab of the discharge from your cervix for culture or antigen testing for chlamydia. This can be done during a routine Pap test.
How can chlamydia be prevented?
You can help to prevent the spread of chlamydia by: using a condom every time you have vaginal or anal sex. using a condom to cover the penis during oral sex. using a dam (a piece of thin, soft plastic or latex) to cover the female genitals during oral sex or when rubbing female genitals together.
What are complications of chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a common STD caused by infection with Chlamydia trachomatis. It can cause cervicitis, urethritis, and proctitis.
How is it treated chlamydia?
Chlamydia can usually be effectively treated with antibiotics. More than 95% of people will be cured if they take their antibiotics correctly. You may be started on antibiotics once test results have confirmed you have chlamydia.