What are different types of forceps delivery?

Currently, forceps deliveries are divided into outlet, low, mid, and high forceps, determined by the station of the fetal head. In an outlet forceps delivery the fetal head has reached the pelvic floor and is seen at the introitus without separating the labia.

How many types of forceps do we have?

As a result, there are over 600 different types of forceps, of which maybe 15 to 20 are currently available. Most hospitals have on hand between five and eight different types of forceps. While each type of forceps has been developed for a specific delivery situation, all forceps share several design characteristics.

What are the indications of forceps delivery?

Conclusion: Asphyxia of the fetus is the most common and a leading indication for extraction of the fetus with forceps. Ineffective uterine contractions and the arrest of the head in the same plane of the pelvis are consistent in their occurrence and lead to prolonged labor.

What are the contraindications of forceps delivery?

  • Cervix not fully dilated.
  • Membranes intact.
  • Fetal head not engaged.
  • Unknown fetal position.
  • Cephalopelvic disproportion.

What is Simpson forceps?

Simpson forceps (1848) are the most commonly used among the types of forceps and has an elongated cephalic curve. These are used when there is substantial molding, that is, temporary elongation of the fetal head as it moves through the birth canal.

What is the complication of forceps delivery?

A forceps delivery can cause mothers to suffer:

Blood clots in legs or pelvis veins. Injuries to the bladder. Long-term or short-term fecal or urinary incontinence. Pain in the tissue between the vagina and anus (perineum)

What are the advantages of forceps delivery?

If you need an assisted birth and you are giving birth at less than 36 weeks pregnant, then forceps may be recommended over ventouse. This is because forceps are less likely to cause damage to your baby’s head, which is softer at this point in your pregnancy.

What are the different types of obstetric forceps?

There are two classes of obstetric forceps: classical forceps and specialized forceps.

What are the instrument used for delivery?

Delivery instruments (sterile)
  • Scissors.
  • Needle holder.
  • Artery forceps or clamp.
  • Dissecting forceps.
  • Sponge forceps.
  • Vaginal speculum.

What are Kielland forceps?

Kielland’s forceps have a less pronounced pelvic curve than more commonly used curved outlet forceps. They allow for higher operative vaginal delivery rates when rotation of the fetal head is required and possess a sliding lock, allowing correction of an asynclitic cephalic presentation 9.

What is safer forceps or vacuum delivery?

A vacuum is associated with less risk for a needing a cesarean delivery when compared to forceps. It’s also associated with less risk to the person giving birth.

What are high forceps?

High forceps delivery: used to be a forceps-assisted vaginal delivery performed when a baby’s head was not yet engaged.

What is Vulsellum forceps?

Vulsellum forceps, these are used to grasp the cervical lips to visualise the cervix or during vaginal hysterectomy. They can also be used to grasp a fibroid polyp. They have a pelvic curve. They can be single-toothed, double-toothed or multiple- toothed.

What is Ovum forceps?

Ovum Forceps, available at Surgical Holdings, used to grasp, hold, manipulate and remove tissue from inside the uterus including the ovum and placenta. Ovum forceps are used during procedures such as caesarean section, hysterectomy, and uterine repair and are also sometimes used as a hemostat.

What is Green Armytage forceps?

Forceps. Green-Armytage Hemostatic Forceps are used to grasp and clamp tissue in the uterus. Censitrac Ready products are industry standard and constructed of stainless steel. The locking ring handle along with wide blades with grooves gets a firm grip on the tissue. The forceps are available in straight and curved.