What is the classification of learning strategies?

Thus, learning strategies are classified into four strategies at the hierarchical level: cognitive strategies, metacognitive strategies, affective strategies and social strategies, which would be easily accepted by most researchers in China [12] .

What are the different language learning strategies?

these llS can be classified under six types, Memorization, Cognitive, Compensation, Metacognitive, Affective and Social strategies.

What are the 6 language learning strategies according to Oxford?

There are six major strategy categories: memory, cognitive, compensation, metacognitive, affective, and social. Under each of these general categories is a set of less complex strategies that are considered to be more basic learning strategies.

What are the 5 learning strategies?

  • The 5 Families – Teaching Strategies. Teaching Strategies are used to create learning environments and to assist students in reaching predetermined learning outcomes. …
  • Experiential Learning. …
  • Direct Instruction. …
  • Indirect Instruction. …
  • Interactive Instruction. …
  • Independent Study.

Why are language learning strategies important?

Oxford (1990, p. 1) stated that „strategies are especially important for language learning because they are tools for active, self-directed involvement, which is essential for developing communicative competence. Appropriate language learning strategies result in improved proficiency and greater self-confidence“.

What are social strategies in language learning?

Social strategies include asking questions, cooperating and empathizing with others. For example, learning can be enhanced when people interact with each other to clarify a confusing point or when they participate in a group discussion or cooperative learning group to solve a problem.

What are the most effective learning strategies?

  • Spaced Practice. Space out your studying over time. …
  • Retrieval Practice. Practice bringing information to mind without the help of materials. …
  • Elaboration. Explain and describe ideas with many details. …
  • Interleaving. Switch between ideas while you study. …
  • Concrete Examples. …
  • Dual Coding.

What are the 4 types of learners?

Perhaps the most simple way of describing ‘learning styles’ is to say that they are different methods of learning or understanding new information, the way a person takes in, understand, expresses and remembers information. There are 4 predominant learning styles: Visual, Auditory, Read/Write, and Kinaesthetic.

What does language learning strategy mean how is it different from learning style?

Broadly speaking, learning styles can be defined as general approaches to language learning, while learning strategies are specific ways learners choose to cope with language tasks in particular contexts. Learning strategies are the ways in which students learn, remember information, and study for tests.

What are learning strategies for students?

  • Spaced Practice. Space out your studying over time. …
  • Retrieval Practice. Practice bringing information to mind without the help of materials. …
  • Elaboration. Explain and describe ideas with many details. …
  • Interleaving. Switch between ideas while you study. …
  • Concrete Examples. …
  • Dual Coding.

What is direct strategy in language learning?

Direct Strategies: They are strategies that involve directly the target language. Direct strategies require mental processing of the language. These strategies include memory, cognition, and compensation strategies. The direct strategies are beneficial to the students because they help store and recover information.

What are cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies?

What are Cognitive Learning Strategies? Metacognitive learning refers to using a reflective thinking process to increase the awareness of own strengths and learning styles to improve the conscious control of learning and the ability to plan, monitor and change own learning behaviors.

What are 3 language learning strategies?

Compensatory—using context to make up for missing information in reading and writing; Affective—regulation of emotions, motivation and attitude toward learning; Social—the interaction with other learners to improve language learning and cultural understanding.

How many learning strategies are there?

Cognitive psychologists have identified six key strategies that promote learning in many situations, and this research can be implemented to promote long-term durable learning.

What is an example of a learning strategy?

Retrieval Practice

This is yet another effective learning strategy that is sure to help your students learn better. Asking the students to retrieve what they have learned without the help of any materials or textbooks will help them to recollect what they have learned.

What are cognitive strategies in language learning?

Cognitive strategies are one type of learning strategy that learners use in order to learn more successfully. These include repetition, organising new language, summarising meaning, guessing meaning from context, using imagery for memorisation.

What is direct and indirect strategies?

Direct strategies are sub-divided into memory, cognitive and compensation strategies and required mental processing of the language. Indirect strategies however are the processes that support language learning and the sub-strategies include metacognitive, affective and social strategies.

What is metacognitive strategy in language learning?

Metacognition in Language Learning Teaching & Learning

Metacognitive strategies are those learning strategies that oversee, direct and regulate the learning process. These kinds of strategies involve thinking about learning processes: planning, monitoring, evaluating and regulating them.

What are socio affective strategies?

(2019;128)define socio-affective strategies as strategies that help learners. regulate and control emotions, motivations, and attitudes toward learning, as. well as help learners, learn through contact and interaction with others.

What are the types of cognitive strategies?

Selection, rehearsal, elaboration and organizational are the four types of cognitive strategies.