What classification is used for neck of femur fracture?

The Garden classification describes femoral neck fractures as a function of displacement. Despite its limitations, the classification is well accepted and widely used by orthopaedic surgeons.

What are the 4 types of femur fractures?

There are four types of femoral fractures according to the severity:
  • Type 1: Stress Fractures. Stress fractures are small cracks in the bone. …
  • Type 2: Severe Impaction Fractures. …
  • Type 3: Partial Fractures. …
  • Type 4: Complete Displaced Fractures. …
  • Femoral Head Fractures.

How are hip fractures classified?

The traditional Garden classification is divided into 4 types. Type 1 fractures are incomplete and valgus impacted, while type 2 fractures are complete. Type 3 fractures are partially displaced, and type 4 fractures are completely displaced.

How do you classify a fracture?

Your provider will classify your fracture as either open or closed. If you have an open fracture, your bone breaks through your skin. Open fractures are sometimes referred to as compound fractures. Open fractures usually take longer to heal and have an increased risk of infections and other complications.

What is the most common complication of femoral neck fracture?

This is called femoral vascular necrosis or avascular necrosis. This complication may occur depending on the type of fracture and the anatomy of a person’s blood supply to the head of the femur bone. This is more common with femoral neck fractures.

What are the three types of hip fractures?

There are three broad categories of hip fractures based on the location of the fracture: femoral neck fractures, intertrochanteric fractures, and subtrochanteric fractures.

What is Salter Harris classification?

The Salter-Harris classification system is a method used to grade fractures that occur in children and involve the growth plate, which is also known as the physis or physial plate. The classification system grades fractures according to the involvement of the physis, metaphysis, and epiphysis.

How can you distinguish between neck of femur and intertrochanteric fracture?

Patients with intertrochanteric fractures tend to have more pointed and longer osteophytes compared to those with femoral neck fractures, which can lead to an increased CEA on radiographs of the pelvis or hip joint.

How is a femoral neck fracture treated?

Patients with femoral neck fractures are treated with pinning or hip arthoplasty, depending on the age of the patient and the presence and degree of displacement.

What is a green stick fracture?

A greenstick fracture occurs when a bone bends and cracks, instead of breaking completely into separate pieces. The fracture looks similar to what happens when you try to break a small, “green” branch on a tree. Most greenstick fractures occur in children younger than 10 years of age.

What is Basicervical femoral neck fracture?

Basicervical fracture, defined as an extracapsular fracture, through the base of the femoral neck at its junction with the intertrochanteric region, corresponding to the AO type B2. 1 femoral neck at its junction with the intertrochanteric region.

Why fracture of neck of femur is common in females?

Femoral neck stress fracture causes

Trauma is the most common cause of femoral neck fractures. Being over the age of 50 or having a medical condition that weakens your bones, such as osteoporosis, increases your risk of a fracture in the femoral neck. Having bone cancer is also a risk factor.

What is a Pott’s fracture?

Bony injuries and fractures around the ankle joint are colloquially known as Pott’s fractures. Accurate anatomical reduction of the fracture by closed or open means is very important. Any residual incongruity left in the articular surface will lead to early degenerative arthritis of the joint.

What is a Bennett fracture?

Introduction. Bennett fracture is the most common fracture involving the base of the thumb. This fracture refers to an intraarticular fracture that separates the palmar ulnar aspect of the first metacarpal base from the remaining first metacarpal.

What is a Smith’s fracture?

A Smith fracture is a break to the end of the radius. The end part of the bone, which forms part of the wrist joint, is displaced or angled in the direction of the palm of the hand. Often, this injury occurs by a fall to the back of a flexed wrist but can occur in any fall to an outstretched hand.

What is a Galeazzi fracture?

A Galeazzi fracture-dislocation is a fracture of the distal third of the shaft of the radius with a disruption to the DRUJ. They can be classified by the direction of the ulna displacement: Volar. Dorsal.

What is a nightstick fracture?

An isolated fracture of the ulnar shaft is defined as a nightstick fracture. The injury derives its name from the idea that a suspect struck with a police nightstick would hold his forearm above his face in a defensive posture when struck with a police baton, resulting in a fracture to the ulna.

What is a Jones fracture?

What is a Jones fracture? A Jones fracture is a fracture of the bone on the pinky toe side of your foot, the fifth metatarsal bone. This fracture can happen when you increase your training, increase pressure on your feet from gaining weight, or run on uneven surfaces.