What are the classification of petroleum?

Petroleum contains four classes of compound: alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatics, and heteroatomic compounds with one or more atoms of nitrogen, sulfur, and/or oxygen. In petroleum chemistry and technology, alkanes are called paraffins; cycloalkanes, naphthenes; and the heteroatomic compounds are lumped together as NSOs.

What are the 3 classification of petroleum oil?

Heavy, light, synthetic – each type of crude oil serves a particular market, and each fetches a different price.

What is petroleum PPT?

PPT applies to net income from oil and gas discoveries made under petroleum authorisations granted on or after 18 June 2014.

What are the classifications and characteristics of crude oils?

Crude is classified, based on density, as light, medium, heavy, or extra heavy. It can also be classified, based on sulfur content, into a sour and sweet category.

How many types of petroleum are there?

With that said, the four main types of Crude Oil are: Very light oils – these include: Jet Fuel, Gasoline, Kerosene, Petroleum Ether, Petroleum Spirit, and Petroleum Naphtha. They tend to be very volatile, evaporating within a few days which in turn evaporates their toxicity levels.

What are the 4 main types of crude oil?

Crude oil is a valuable resource that can be refined into petroleum products, including diesel fuel and gasoline. There are six types of crude oil: light/sweet, light/sour, medium/sweet, medium/sour, heavy/sweet, and heavy/sour.

What are the characteristics of petroleum?

Properties of Petroleum

Crude oil can appear very fluid, volatile liquids and also viscous, semisolid materials. It is usually black or black with a greenish tinge in colour. Sometimes it can be reddish, greenish-yellow, light yellow, or transparent. Natural gas is a colourless and odourless gas.

What is the difference between petroleum and crude oil?

Crude oil and other hydrocarbons exist in liquid or gaseous form in underground pools or reservoirs, in tiny spaces within sedimentary rocks, and near the earth’s surface in tar (or oil) sands. Petroleum products are fuels made from crude oil and hydrocarbons contained in natural gas.

What are the two types of crude oil?

Types of Crude Oil
  • Class A: Light, Volatile Oils. These oils are:
  • Class B: Non-Sticky Oils. These oils have a waxy or oily feel. …
  • Class C: Heavy, Sticky Oils. Class C oils are characteristically:
  • Class D: Nonfluid Oils. Class D oils are:

What is crude oil discuss its classification on the basis of chemical compositions?

Crude oil is a mixture of comparatively volatile liquid hydrocarbons (compounds composed mainly of hydrogen and carbon), though it also contains some nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Those elements form a large variety of complex molecular structures, some of which cannot be readily identified.

What are the characteristics of crude oil?

Crude oil, a complex multi-component homogeneous organic mixture, consists essentially of saturated hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, resins, asphaltenes and heterofunctionalized organic compounds containing nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen [1].

Is crude oil and petroleum same?

Petroleum, also called crude oil, is a fossil fuel. Like coal and natural gas, petroleum was formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms, such as plants, algae, and bacteria.

Why is characterization of crude oil important?

Crude characterization also provides data in the analysis of geochemistry of the source of origin. Crude oil characterization by optical methods is usually difficult because of its dark color; however, those characterizations are crucial because they give information that can affect some analysis procedures.

What are the functions of petroleum?

Petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil, and feedstocks for making the chemicals, plastics, and synthetic materials that are in nearly everything we use.

What is the color of petroleum?

The color of crude oil can vary, depending on its composition. In most of the cases, crude oil is dark brown or black, however it can also be yellow, red or even green.

What is petroleum made of?

Petroleum products are fuels made from crude oil and hydrocarbons contained in natural gas. Petroleum products can also be made from coal, natural gas, and biomass.

What are the main products of petroleum?

These petroleum products include gasoline, distillates such as diesel fuel and heating oil, jet fuel, petrochemical feedstocks, waxes, lubricating oils, and asphalt.

What is the difference between petrol and petroleum?

Petroleum is a natural product itself. Petrol, which also known as gasoline in United States of America and many parts of the world, is a product of petroleum. It is produced by distilling and refining of petroleum. It is the most popular oil in the automobile industry.

What are the 10 uses of petroleum?

Its main uses are:
  • (i) Transportation: ADVERTISEMENTS: …
  • (ii) Industrial power: Oil is the major source of industrial power. …
  • (iii) Heating and lighting: Heavier oils are used in central heating plants for shops, offices as well as homes. …
  • (iv) Lubricants: …
  • (v) Petro-chemical industry: …
  • (vi) Use of by-products: