What are interstate compacts in government?

Interstate compacts are contracts between two or more states creating an agreement on a particular policy issue, adopting a certain standard or cooperating on regional or national matters. Interstate compacts are the most powerful, durable, and adaptive tools for ensuring cooperative action among the states.

What was the first interstate compact?

The Port of New York Authority Compact of 1921 was the first interstate compact involving regulatory power and revenue sources. This groundbreaking compact, however, did not lead to an increase in agreements among the states.

Why do states make interstate compacts?

Compacts settle interstate disputes. Compacts provide state-developed solutions to complex public policy problems, unlike federally imposed mandates. Compacts respond to national priorities in consul- tation or partnership with the federal government.

Which is an example of an interstate compact quizlet?

Some interstate compacts involve several states. For example, the Compact on Juveniles allows all 50 states to share law enforcement data. Other compacts control tax collections, use of public universities, and conservation of wildlife.

What is an interstate compact quizlet?

interstate compact: an agreement made between two States or between a State and a foreign government. Full Faith and Credit Clause: the clause of the Constitution that says that each State will respect the laws, records, and court decisions of other States.

Who enforces interstate compacts?

The Supreme Court has stated that it has final authority to interpret interstate compacts. The Court often hears interstate compact cases under its authority in Article III, Section 2, Clause 2 of the Constitution, which gives the Supreme Court original jurisdiction over disputes between states.

What was the first interstate?

When it opened on Oct. 1, 1940, the Pennsylvania Turnpike gave American motorists their first chance to experience what someday would be known as an “interstate.” Pennsylvania calls the turnpike “The Granddaddy of the Pikes.” Well, that’s three firsts and a granddaddy.

What are the two interstate compacts?

Interstate Compacts Frequently Asked Questions

Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) & Advanced Practice Nurse Compact (APRN Compact)

What states belong to the Interstate Compact?

On average, each state was a party to 34 interstate compacts as of 2014. Alabama belongs to 40 interstate compacts. Alaska belongs to 32 interstate compacts. Arizona belongs to 35 interstate compacts.

Interstate compacts by state.
Name:IssueFormation Date
Red River CompactWater resource management1978
Nonresident Violator CompactLicensure1977

What does the Constitution say about interstate compact?


Article I, Section 10, Clause 3 of the Constitution reads: “No State shall, without the Consent of Congress . . . enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power.”

What sorts of things are done by interstate compacts?

Interstate compacts are legal agreements between states that are designed to resolve concerns that transcend state lines, such as allocating interstate waters.

What states are not part of the interstate compact?

The Driver License compact is an interstate compact among 45 states and the District of Columbia. Georgia, Massachusetts, Michigan, Tennessee, and Wisconsin are the only states that are not members.

Is Texas part of the interstate compact?

All 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are members of the Interstate Compact. The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision is administered in Texas through the TDCJ Interstate Compact Office.

Which two states were the first to enter the compact?

The Compact was created when the first two states, Colorado and Utah, enacted the Compact legislation.

Which of the following is a compact that all 50 states have joined?

All 50 States have joined in two interstate compacts: Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers and the Compact on Juveniles.

What are some powers held by the state government?

So long as their laws do not contradict national laws, state governments can prescribe policies on commerce, taxation, healthcare, education, and many other issues within their state. Notably, both the states and the federal government have the power to tax, make and enforce laws, charter banks, and borrow money.

Is California a compact state?

California is not part of the Nurse Licensure Compact. However, nurses who live and are licensed in CA can still receive nursing licenses for other states in which they wish to work; they will need to apply for individual nursing state licenses in any state they want to work in.

Can you hold a nursing license in multiple states?

The Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) allows nurses to have one license to practice in multiple states. There are currently 38 jurisdictions that have enacted NLC legislation, meaning they recognize the multi-state license or have such legislation pending. For a full list of NLC states, see below.

Is Pennsylvania a compact state now?

Pennsylvania is the 37th jurisdiction to have enacted the NLC. The compact allows registered nurses (RNs) and licensed practical/vocational nurses (LPN/VNs) to have one multistate license, with the ability to practice in person or via telehealth, in both the primary state of residence and other NLC jurisdictions.

Is New York becoming a compact state?

New York is not a member of the nurse license compact, but nurses who have met similar requirements in other states may have a relatively quick path to licensure. Candidates who have never been licensed in the U.S. must take the NCLEX licensing exam at the appropriate level.

Is Maryland a compact state?

Maryland was the first state to join the National Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) in 1999. Nurses with a multistate license can practice in any of the twenty-five NLC participating states.