What does fascism mean in simple terms?

1. or Fascism : a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the government.

What is opposite of fascism?

Opposed to anarchism, democracy, pluralism, liberalism, socialism and Marxism, fascism is placed on the far-right wing within the traditional left–right spectrum.

What is a synonym for Nazism?

fascism. nounpolitical system of dictatorship. Nazism. absolutism. authoritarianism.

What are the 5 main ideas of fascism?

Common themes among fascist movements include: authoritarianism, nationalism (including racial nationalism), hierarchy and elitism, and militarism. Other aspects of fascism such as its “myth of decadence”, anti-egalitarianism and totalitarianism can be seen to originate from these ideas.

What are three examples of fascism?

Examples of fascism include the German Nazi Party, the Italian Fascist Party, as well as the Spanish Nationalists. These movements were led by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Francisco Franco respectively.

What did German soldiers call each other?

German soldiers also called themselves Schweissfussindianer – ‘Indians with sweaty feet’ – which had an interesting counterpart in a term for British soldiers: 1000 Worte Front-Deutsch (1925) states that after ‘Tommy’ the main German epithet for British soldiers was Fussballindianer – ‘football Indians’.

What is the synonym of Aryan?

1. Aryan, White, White person, Caucasian. usage: (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew) 2. Aryan, Indo-European, primitive, primitive person.

What do you mean by Aryan?

Aryan, name originally given to a people who were said to speak an archaic Indo-European language and who were thought to have settled in prehistoric times in ancient Iran and the northern Indian subcontinent.

What is the best description of fascism?

Merriam-Webster defines fascism as “a political philosophy, movement, or regime (as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of …

What is fascism vs socialism?

Fascism is a dictatorial form of political ideology. Socialism, on the other hand, is an ideology where individuals of a society own the means of production. A fascist ruler wields supreme power and authority over a country. In contrast, rulers of socialist nations distribute power and authority among the states.

What are the disadvantages of fascism?

Here are some of the disadvantages that come with relying on fascism for governance.
  • Limited freedom of speech and human rights. One of the pillars of fascism is to kill the opposition. …
  • Enhances political and power abuse. …
  • Negative impact on the economy. …
  • Poor governing ethics. …
  • Disregard for international law.

What’s the difference between fascism and dictatorship?

Definition. Fascism is a far-right, authoritarian political regime or movement characterized by extreme nationalism, militarism, centralized autocracy, and a dictatorial leader, while a dictatorship is a form of government where one person or a group of persons possess absolute power.

Who invented fascism?

Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini came up with the term fascism, he created the first one-party fascist state and he set the playbook and template for everything that came after,” Ben-Ghiat says. An important part of that was the cult of personality that emerged around the Italian leader.

What is an example of fascism?

The Nazi Party, led by Adolf Hitler, espoused a form of fascism that incorporated fervent antisemitism, anti-communism, scientific racism, and the use of eugenics into its creed.

Does fascism support capitalism?

Fascists have commonly sought to eliminate the autonomy of large-scale capitalism and relegate it to the state. However, fascism does support private property rights and the existence of a market economy and very wealthy individuals. Thus, fascist ideology included both pro-capitalist and anti-capitalist elements.

Who was known as the father of fascism?

Benito Mussolini, in full Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini, byname Il Duce (Italian: “The Leader”), (born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy—died April 28, 1945, near Dongo), Italian prime minister (1922–43) and the first of 20th-century Europe’s fascist dictators.

What caused fascism?

Fascism arose in Europe after World War I when many people yearned for national unity and strong leadership. In Italy, Benito Mussolini used his charisma to establish a powerful fascist state. Benito Mussolini coined the term “fascism” in 1919 to describe his political movement.

What is the key difference between fascism and Nazism?

Nazism and Fascism have their origin in the 20th century.

Fascism vs Nazism – Difference.
FascismNazism
Fascism believed in the class system and sought to preserve it for a better social orderNazism considered a class-based society a hindrance to racial unity and sought to eliminate it

When did fascism end?

fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern Europe between 1919 and 1945 and that also had adherents in western Europe, the United States, South Africa, Japan, Latin America, and the Middle East.

Who invented socialism?

Initial use of socialism was claimed by Pierre Leroux, who alleged he first used the term in the Parisian journal Le Globe in 1832. Leroux was a follower of Henri de Saint-Simon, one of the founders of what would later be labelled utopian socialism.

What’s the difference between fascism and totalitarianism?

Totalitarianism involves a form of government where the state possesses unlimited power and authority over every single aspect of private and public life. On the other hand, fascism is a form of government that is a combination of extreme aspects visible in both totalitarianism and authoritarianism.