What are 3 facts about Mauna Loa?

Mauna Loa Facts for Kids
  • The volcano is located in the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Mauna Loa is the largest volcano in the world.
  • It is a shield volcano.
  • It has erupted at least 34 times since 1843.
  • Its last eruption was in 1984.
  • It is considered active, and it is still producing lava.

What is the most interesting fact about Mauna Loa?

Mauna Loa is the world’s largest active volcano. – Mauna Loa is the world’s largest active volcano. – It extends 13,697 feet above sea level and about 3,100 feet below sea level. – Its name means “long mountain” in Hawaiian.

How is the Mauna Loa volcano formed?

It was created between 1,000 and 1,500 years ago by a large eruption from Mauna Loa’s northeast rift zone, which emptied out a shallow magma chamber beneath the summit and collapsed it into its present form.

Is Mauna Loa quiet or explosive?

Mauna Loa is known for its effusive eruptions that produce spectacular lava flows. However, some of the volcanic products found on Mauna Loa are pyroclastic or explosive in character.

Is Mauna Loa in the Ring of Fire?

Kilauea which is considered the most active volcano in the world is located in the Pacific Ring of Fire. Other volcanoes worth noting are Mt Fuji in Japan, Mt. Saint Helens and Mt. Rainier in the American North West, Krakatoa in Indonesia, Mauna Loa in Hawaii, Galeras in Colombia and Sangay in Ecuador.

Is Mauna Loa the biggest volcano on Earth?

Rising gradually to more than 4 km (2.5 mi) above sea level, Hawaii’s Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on our planet. Its submarine flanks descend to the sea floor an additional 5 km (3 mi), and the sea floor in turn is depressed by Mauna Loa’s great mass another 8 km (5 mi).

How old is Mauna Loa?

Origins. Mauna Loa probably began erupting between 700,000 and one million years ago, and has grown steadily since then. Like all of the Hawaiian islands, Mauna Loa has its origins in a hotspot—a plume of magma rising from deep in the Earth’s mantle.

When did Mauna Loa first erupt?

The 1880-1881 eruption of Mauna Loa consisted of two main phases, a summit eruption and a rift zone eruption six months later. The latter was a nearly nine-month-long march that threatened the city of Hilo.

Is Mauna Loa still active?

Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on our planet and covers half of the Island of Hawaiʻi. Eruptions tend to produce voluminous, fast-moving lava flows that can impact communities on the east and west sides of the Island.

How big is the Mauna Loa?

What type of volcano is Mauna Loa?

shield volcano
Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on the planet. Meaning “long mountain” in Hawaiian, it is the quintessential shield volcano in its shape— signified by broad, rounded slopes. The volcano makes up roughly 51% of Hawaiʻi Island and stands 13,681 feet (4,170 m) above sea level.

What kind of lava does Mauna Loa have?

The lava from Mauna Loa’s various eruptions is basaltic, which is a type of rock found in the ocean floor, and within the Earth’s mantle. The basalt from Mauna Loa is predominantly tholeiitic basalt, which has a very small percentage of silica.

How much magma is Mauna Loa?

The volume of lava produced (above sea level) by the eruption is estimated at over 376 million m³. Although the 1950 Mauna Loa flow was quite unlike any other historical Mauna Loa eruption, it was unfortunately not well observed during the eruption.

When did Mauna Loa last erupt?

The latest eruption of Mauna Loa— the last before its longest period of quiet in recorded history— began in March 1984. In dramatic fashion, lava descended to the doorstep of Hilo, the island’s population center.

What happens if Mauna Loa erupts?

“The amount of lava actually coming out per unit is actually life threatening.” Trusdell has dozens of graphs showing past lava flows that reached the Ka’u and Kona coastlines within hours. If the next eruption is explosive, ash could drift into the airspace near the Hilo and Kona airports, cutting off flights.

Is Mauna Loa a composite volcano?

No, Mauna Loa is a shield volcano, just as the rest of the volcanoes in Hawaii are. Shield volcanoes erupt with very fluid lava that creates gentle slopes that build slowly with time. Composite volcanoes have much steeper slopes due to a different composition of material that tends to be ejected explosively.

What is the strongest volcano in the world?

Mt. Tambora—which is still active—holds rank in its own category: the most explosive volcanic event ever recorded by humans. The initial blasts back in April 1815 were heard some 1200 miles away—1200 miles!

How many people died because of Mauna Loa?

About 10,000 people were killed by the explosive eruption and the tsunamis caused by massive pyroclastic flows entering the sea. Agricultural losses from the thick ash deposits resulted in famine and disease, leading to an additional 82,000 deaths.

Will Mauna Loa erupt again?

Activity Summary: Mauna Loa is not erupting and there are no signs of an imminent eruption at this time. However, Mauna Loa continues to be in a state of heightened unrest as indicated by increased earthquake activity and inflation of the summit.

What’s the worst volcano ever?

Which volcanic eruptions were the deadliest?
EruptionYearMajor Cause
Mount St. Helens, Washington1980Asphyxiation from ash
Kilauea, Hawaii1924Falling rock1
Lassen Peak, California1915
Mount Vesuvius, Italy79 A.D.Pyroclastic Flow2

Is Mount Everest a volcano?

Mount Everest is not an active volcano. It is not a volcano but a folded mountain formed at the point of contact between the Indian and Eurasian plates. Mount Everest is the highest point on earth and it is found in the Himalayas mountain range. It is still rising at a rate of approximately one centimeter a year.