What are the 4 types of building blocks?

  • Aerated concrete or ‘aircrete’ block. …
  • Hemp block. …
  • Unfired clay block. …
  • Insulated concrete form (ICF) blocks.

What are solid concrete blocks called?

Concrete blocks, also called cinder blocks and cement blocks, come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. They are made out of a mixture of Portland cement, sand, gravel and water.

What are the different kinds of blocks used?

8 popular Types of Hollow Concrete Blocks
  • Stretcher block.
  • Corner block.
  • Pillar block.
  • Jamb block.
  • Partition block.
  • Lintel block.
  • Frogged brick block.
  • Bullnose block.

What are the 4 types of concrete?

Let’s take a quick look at the most common types of concrete and what they are used for:
  • Reinforced Concrete.
  • Lightweight Concrete.
  • High-Strength Concrete.
  • High-Performance Concrete.
  • Precast Concrete.

What are the sizes of block?

Concrete Block (CMU) Sizes
CMU SIZENOMINAL DIMENSIONS D X H X L (INCHES)
4″ CMU Half-Block4″ x 8″ x 8″
6″ CMU Full Block6″ x 8″ x 16″
6″ CMU Half-Block6″ x 8″ x 8″
8″ CMU Full Block8″ x 8″ x 16″
16 may 2021

Which blocks are good for house construction?

AAC bricks are in high demand, owing to their high strength, load-bearing and thermal insulation properties. AAC block is used as a construction material for interior and exterior structures.

What are the sizes of concrete blocks?

Typically, concrete masonry units have nominal face dimensions of 8 in. (203 mm) by 16 in. (406 mm), available in nominal thicknesses of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 in.

What is a high density concrete block?

High-Density Concrete Blocks provide protection for a range of scenarios. They are made to site-specific spacial requirements for gamma and neutron radiation with five standard densities. In new construction or room upgrades, the interlocking design of our HD Block ensures shielding integrity.

What are blocks used for in construction?

They are now used for a wide variety of purposes such as the construction of load-bearing walls, retaining walls, partitions and foundations. A standard block is 440 mm x 215 mm, the equivalent of 3 bricks high and 2 long, the maximum size that one person can comfortably lift.

What are the types of blocks and bricks used for construction?

Different types of bricks/blocks used in construction.
  • Burnt clay bricks: These are the traditional type of bricks, manufactured by using clay as raw material and burning them in a kiln.
  • Fly ash bricks: …
  • Concrete blocks: …
  • Compressed mud blocks: …
  • C.L.C. …
  • A.A.C. …
  • Sand-lime bricks: …
  • Refractory bricks:

What are the three major classifications of concrete masonry units?

1.1 This specification covers hollow and solid (see 5.3 and 5.4) concrete masonry units made from hydraulic cement, water, and mineral aggregates with or without the inclusion of other materials. There are three classes of concrete masonry units: (1) normal weight, (2) medium weight, and (3) lightweight.

What is the disadvantage of concrete block?

Disadvantages of Concrete Blocks:

The expense of constructing a residence out of concrete blocks is significantly higher. Some of the blocks may need to be cut to reach critical systems. Concrete block homes aren’t usually attractive from the outside. Over time, concrete blocks may be subject to water seepage.

Which blocks are good for house construction?

AAC bricks are in high demand, owing to their high strength, load-bearing and thermal insulation properties. AAC block is used as a construction material for interior and exterior structures.