Types of ferna
What is the most common type of fern?
Nephrolepis exaltata (Boston fern)
This classic fern is the most common fern variety you’ll see indoors. Its long fronds are lined with delicate sword-shaped frills.
How do I know what kind of fern I have?
When attempting to identify a fern, its important to look closely at one of the fronds, to turn it over and look at its underside for reproductive structures, and also to examine the frond’s stalk making note of its color and texture.
How many types of ferns are there in the world?
There are about 12,000 different types of ferns in the world. They are different from other plants because they do not produce flowers or seeds. Fern fossils have been found that are around 360 million years old!
What is the hardiest fern?
One of the most robust and reliable ferns, Western sword ferns (Polystichum munitum) thrive in coastal settings and grow glossy deep green fronds 3-4 feet tall and wide. The fern gets its name from its elongated blade-like fronds and the plant can have as many as a hundred leaves. Hardy in Zones 5-10.
Do ferns need a lot of water?
Most ferns like an evenly moist soil with regular waterings. Allowing the soil to dry out between waterings stresses these plants. Bushy ferns can be difficult to water. Try using a watering can with a long spout to direct the water to the center of the plant.
What are big ferns called?
Giant Wood Fern (Dryopteris goldieana)
Although it is called giant, it is not that big, reaching 4 feet, or 120 cm in height, but a more substantial 6 feet (180 cm) in spread. Native of North America, this plant has divided fronds coming from a central rosette and with large and composite segments.
What is the common name of ferns?
The ferns are also referred to as Polypodiophyta or, when treated as a subdivision of Tracheophyta (vascular plants), Polypodiopsida, although this name sometimes only refers to leptosporangiate ferns.
What is the difference between a Boston fern and a Christmas fern?
Is my fern male or female?
Scientists previously knew that the factor that determines which sex a specific fern will end up as is a hormone called gibberellin. If the hormone is present in large enough quantities as the plant develops, the fern usually becomes a male, and if it isn’t, it becomes a female.
How do you identify a lady fern?
How to identify. The lady fern is one of a number of similar species, including buckler-ferns and male-fern, which are difficult to tell apart. The fronds of lady ferns are usually held horizontally and droop at the ends; they are three-times pinnate and yellowy-green.
How do you tell the difference between a fern and a bracken?
The easiest way to tell the difference between a fern and bracken is to just compare the frond. The frond is the feather-like leafy bit that comes out of the stem. Ferns are bi-pinnate, meaning the leaflets divide twice to generate the distinctive fronds. Bracken, on the other hand, has three layers of leaves.
What is the life cycle of a fern?
The life cycle of the fern has two different stages; sporophyte, which releases spores, and gametophyte, which releases gametes. Gametophyte plants are haploid, sporophyte plants diploid. This type of life cycle is called alternation of generations.
Can ferns be kept over the winter?
Ferns plants in the ground can be left as is the entire winter. The fronds will protect the plant’s center crown, where new growth will emerge in the spring. Ferns are a hardy perennial plant that will grow back each year. Many gardeners bring potted ferns indoors to continue growing during the cold weather season.
What is special about ferns?
Ferns are unique in land plants in having two separate living structures, so the ferny plant that we see out in the bush produces spores, and those spores, when they are released, don’t grow straight back into a new ferny plant. They grow into a little tiny plant that we call a gametophyte.
How long does a fern live?
Indoor ferns can last for many years – even decades – with proper care and attention. One family in Virginia claim to have maintained their Boston fern for over 114 years! With re-potting and propagation, single plants can be regenerated again and again, making such advanced ages possible.
Do ferns need sun?
Give ferns plenty of indirect light.
Most ferns prefer indirect light, which means you should avoid placing them where sunlight will hit them. In direct sun, fern fronds can get burned, resulting in a dry, crispy plant. Usually, a north- or east-facing window provides the right amount of light for ferns.
What time of year do ferns produce spores?
Plants we see as ferns or horsetails are the sporophyte generation. The sporophyte generally releases spores in the summer.
Will ferns grow back if cut?
Ferns do grow back after cutting, but the new growth will emerge from the rhizome below the soil. This means you should cut any damaged or discolored foliage down to the crown at the base of the plant to stimulate new growth.
How often should you water a fern?
Ferns need to be watered once a week. The amount of water can be from 1-2 gallons (for ferns grown outdoors) to 0.5 gallons. or less for ferns grown indoors in pots. Water a fern that grows indoors once every 10 days, up to 1 gallon of water. In clay soil, fern needs watering no more often than once every 10-14 days.